2014.08.09【英译中】美国的教育(1)

Felix不想打酱油 (酱酱酱酱油君)
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发表于:2014-08-09 23:01 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
American schools, both public and private, consist of 12 years of grades --- basically 8 years of elementary school and 4 years of secondary or high school, although grades 7 and 8, or 7, 8 and 9 may be housed together in a middle school or junior high school. In addition, the elementary school offers five-year-olds a year of kindergarten, usually half-day sessions, before they have formal instruction in reading and writing in the first grade. 

美国的公立学校和私立学校,都是包含了12个年级------基本上是8年小学和4年初中,虽然7、8年级或者7、8、9三个年级可能一同被设置在初级中学里。另外,小学还为5岁的孩子提供一年的幼儿园课程,通常是上半天课,之后他们便升入1年级进行正式的读写训练。


In a few states two years of junior college (the first two years of higher education) or a vocational school are part of the public school system. Schooling is compulsory in most states to the age of 16.
在一些州,两年制初级学院(高等教育的头两年)或者职业学校是公立学校体系的组成部分。在大多数州,16岁以下的孩子必须去上学。


The public schools are administered by local school boards --- groups of people elected by the voters. The board appoints the superintendent and sometimes participates in choosing the teachers, decides how school funds are to be allocated, and has some voice in establishing the curriculum. 

公立学校由地方学校管理委员会管理------他们是由选民投票选出的。委员会任命督学,有时候会参与挑选教师,决定学校经费如何分配,并且在课程设计方面也有一定的发言权。


Local funds for the schools come largely from property taxes paid by residents of the local school districts. Thus the people of the entire community, not just the parents of the children who attend, pay for public schools, which are free and open to everyone.
学校的地方经费大部分来自当地学区居民们缴纳的财产税。因此,整个社区的居民,而不仅仅是入学儿童的家长,都为公立学校出资,这些公立学校是免费的,每个人都可以来上学。
最后编辑于:2014-10-29 20:24
分类: 英语
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