2014.08.12【英译中】Americans Celebrate Thanksgiving (3)

发表于:2014-08-12 09:49 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The Pilgrims were religious dissidents who fled oppression in England. They went first to the Netherlands.

这些朝圣者因在宗教信仰上持不同的观点而在英格兰受到压迫,他们是率先到达荷兰的。

Then they left that country to establish a colony in North America. The Pilgrims landed in 1620 in what later became known as Plymouth, Massachusetts.

随后,他们又离开那里,去南美洲建立了一片殖民地。这些朝圣者于1620年踏上南美洲的土地,这里就是日后作为马萨诸塞州的普利茅斯而众所周知的地方

Their trip across the Atlantic Ocean was difficult. Their first months in America were difficult, too.

他们横跨大西洋的旅途十分艰辛,同样,在美洲度过的前一些时日也很困难。

About 100 Pilgrims landed just as autumn was turning to winter. During the cold months that followed, about half of them died.

大约有100名朝圣者在秋冬之交抵达那里,在随后而来的寒冷冬月里,有一半左右的人死去。

When spring came, the Pilgrims began to plant crops. A Native American Indian named Squanto helped them. When summer ended, the Pilgrims had a good harvest of corn and barley. There was enough food to last through the winter.

春天来临时,幸存者开始播种庄稼。一位名叫斯昆托的美洲印第安土著帮助他们种植。在夏季结束后,他们的玉米和大麦都获得了丰收。这些食物足够他们度过冬天。

The Pilgrims decided to hold a celebration to give thanks for their harvest. Writings from that time say Pilgrim leader William Bradford set a date late in the year. He invited members of a nearby Indian tribe to attend.

朝圣者们决定举办一个庆祝仪式来向他们的丰收表示感恩。据当时的文字记载,朝圣者们的首领——威廉姆布莱福德,选定了一个接近年末的日期。他也邀请了一个附近的印第安部落的成员们来参加。

That Thanksgiving celebration lasted three days. There were many kinds of food. The meal included wild birds such as ducks, geese and turkeys.

那个感恩庆祝仪式持续了三天。宴会上的食物种类繁多,包括了野禽,像鸭子、鹅和火鸡。

As the American colonies grew, many towns and settlements held Thanksgiving – or harvest – celebrations. Yet it was not until about 240 years later that a national day for Thanksgiving was declared.

随着美洲殖民地的发展,许多城镇和定居点举办感恩或者是丰收的庆祝仪式。但是直到240年后,才出现了全国性的感恩节庆祝日。

The creation of a national Thanksgiving holiday resulted from the efforts of one woman, Sarah Josepha Hale. In the early 1800s, she began a campaign to officially establish the holiday. Ms. Hale was a writer.

全国性的感恩节庆祝日源自一位名叫萨莎约瑟夫海尔的妇女的努力。在十九世纪早期,她举办一次活动来促使官方设立这一节日。海尔女士是一位作家。

She wrote stories about a national day of Thanksgiving in a publication for women. As part of her campaign, she wrote many letters to public officials, including American presidents. She urged them to support her idea for a national Thanksgiving holiday.

她写了关于在一个女性共和体制下的全国性感恩节的故事。她向许多公共行政机关写信,其中包括美国总统,这也是她活动的一部分。她促使他们支持她得观点,使得感恩节可以成为一个全国性的节日。

最后编辑于:2014-10-29 20:15
分类: 英语
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