2014.08.14 【英译中】 Answers About Ebola

nikkijiang (唯愿在鲜美之时遇见你) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-08-15 00:29 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Answers About Ebola

关于埃博拉


TFK answers some key questions about this serious disease

AUGUST 13, 2014

By Nicoletta Richardson with TIME and AP Reporting

Print



AP PHOTO/ABBAS DULLEH

A man inMonrovia,Liberia, washes his hands with water in an attempt to stop the spread of Ebola.

利比里亚蒙罗维亚,一男子正在洗手试图阻止埃博拉的传播。





You may have heard a lot about Ebola lately. A new outbreak of this disease has spread through the West African countries ofLiberia,Guinea,Sierra Leone, and, most recently,Nigeria. Researchers think this outbreak began in December 2013. Since then, nearly 2,000 people have become infected with the Ebola virus, and more than 1,000 have died from it. Scientists and doctors are working to stop its spread, and to care for the people who are infected.

你最近可能听到很多关于埃博拉的消息,此病毒已在西非国家,如利比里亚,几内亚,塞拉利昂开始了新一轮的传播,最近扩散到了尼日利亚。研究者确信埃博拉开始于2013年12月,到现在已有将近2000人感染,超过1000人死亡。科学家和医生正在竭力阻止此病毒的蔓延并治疗患者。


In late July, two American aid workers inWest Africabecame infected with Ebola. They were brought back to theUnited Statesfor treatment. Many Americans are wondering if the virus could become a problem here. Experts say there is no need to worry. Read on to find out why, and to learn the answers to some other common questions about Ebola. 

7月下旬,2名在西非做医疗援助的美国人感染埃博拉病毒,他们被带回美国进行治疗。很多美国人担心埃博拉是否会在美国爆发。专家告知不必担心。为什么不用担心?请阅读以下文章寻找答案,并了解关于埃博拉病毒的常识。

AP PHOTO/MICHAEL DUFF

Health workers at theKenemaGovernmentHospital, inSierra Leone, wait to check patients for the Ebola virus.


What is Ebola?

埃博拉是什么?

Ebola, or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF), is a contagious and life-threatening disease. It affects humans and other primates, including monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees. Ebola gets its name from theEbolaRiverin the Democratic Republic of Congo. The disease was first reported in a village on the river in 1976.

埃博拉,又埃博拉出血热(埃博拉HF),是一种具有传染性和致命性的病毒。人类和灵长目动物皆可感染,包括猴子,大猩猩,黑猩猩。埃博拉这个名字取自刚果民主共和国的埃博拉河,1976年该病毒首次在埃博拉河上的村庄被发现。


What are the symptoms of Ebola?

感染埃博拉后的症状

The early symptoms include fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, chills, difficulty breathing, and a sore throat. As the disease becomes worse, diarrhea, vomiting, and bleeding inside and outside of the body may start to occur. The first signs of infection can appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to the virus.

早期症状包括发烧,头痛,关节肌肉酸痛,虚弱无力,惧冷,呼吸困难和咽喉痛。随着病情的发展,会出现腹泻,呕吐,可能会同时出现内出血和外出血。感染此病毒后,早期症状在2-21天内随时会出现。


How does Ebola spread?

埃博拉是如何传播的?

Experts are not sure how an Ebola outbreak starts. The virus spreads from direct contact with bodily fluids—including blood, saliva, sweat, and urine—of infected people and animals. Animals inAfricabelieved to carry Ebola include other primates, fruit bats, porcupines, and forest antelope.

专家不确定埃博拉病毒是如何爆发的,此病毒通过与被感染人和动物的体液直接接触而传播,这些体液包括血液,唾液,汗液和尿液。在非洲,携带埃博拉病毒的灵长类动物还包括大蝙蝠,豪猪和森林羚羊。


Doctors and nurses are at a high risk of infection because they come into physical contact with Ebola patients. Also, family members who care for infected relatives are more likely to catch the disease, especially if they don’t wear proper protective equipment, such as gloves and masks.  

因与患者有身体接触,医生和医护人员属于高危易感染人群。同时,照顾患者的家庭成员也容易感染,特别是在没有合适的保护装备的情况下,如手套和面罩。


Can Ebola be treated?

埃博拉病毒可以被治愈吗?

Yes. Most people who become infected with Ebola need special care in a hospital. Treatment includes making sure they get plenty of liquids and oxygen, keeping their blood pressure steady, and addressing symptoms and complications as they come up. Patients also need to be kept from the public to help prevent the disease from spreading.

可以治愈。感染埃博拉的人群需要住院进行特殊治疗。治疗手段包括确保患者足够的液体和氧气,保持血压稳定,处理随后出现的症状和并发症。同时,患者必须与人群隔离以防止疾病蔓延。


There is no cure for Ebola, but doctors are working on a vaccine to prevent it. Some experimental drugs have been developed to treat the disease. They have been effective in animals, but have not yet been approved for testing on humans.

埃博拉没有痊愈的方法,但是医生们正在研制疫苗,一些实验药物也研发出来了。这些药物的有效性已经在动物身上得到了验证,但是还未获许进行人体试验。


Are we safe in theUnited States?

我们在美国安全吗?

Yes. There have been no reported cases of Ebola spreading to theU.S.The two American aid workers who recently became infected with Ebola in West Africa were flown back to theU.S.and hospitalized immediately. While Ebola is contagious, it is not as contagious as the flu. Special medical planes and vehicles were used to transport the infected patients to prevent the disease from spreading.

安全。没有任何关于埃博拉在美国爆发的报告出现。两位最近被感染的西非医疗援助医生一飞回美国就立刻住院进行治疗。埃博拉具有传染性,但是它的感染性和流感不一样。特殊医疗飞机和交通工具被用来运送患者以防止疾病扩散。

AP PHOTO/ABBAS DULLEH


A man gets his temperature taken before he is allowed into a business center inMonrovia,Liberia.


Can the Ebola outbreak be stopped?

我们能阻止埃博拉病毒吗?

Yes. Experts know how to control Ebola. They are now working to stop the outbreak in West Africa, which is the best way to protect people in theU.S.and around the world. Once Ebola is brought under control in the infected countries, there will be no new cases and the virus will stop spreading. However, experts are unsure of how long it will take to end the current Ebola outbreak.

能。专家知道如何让阻止埃博拉病毒,他们正致力于阻止此病毒在西非的蔓延,这是保护美国和世界的最好的方式。一旦埃博拉在被感染国家得到控制,就不会有新的疫情出现,病毒扩散也会得到遏制。但是,专家们不确定终结当前的疫情需要坚持多久。


How is theU.S.helping?

美国该如何提供帮助?

Disease specialists have been sent toWest Africaby the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to help slow the spread of Ebola.

疾病与预防中心已派遣疾病专家前往西非帮助减缓疫情的传播。

最后编辑于:2014-10-30 09:38
分类: 英语
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