2014.08.16【英译中】我们的大脑是如何控制情感的

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发表于:2014-08-16 20:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
 How our brains can control our emotions

我们的大脑是如何控制情感的

 

We all know humans have a complex range of emotions – from anger to fear, aggression to happiness.

我们都知道人类有着复杂的情感类别——从愤怒到恐惧,侵略到幸福。

 

For something so familiar to all of us, it’s amazing how vexing and difficult a problem it still is in brain science.

让人吃惊的是,那些对我们来说极为熟悉的东西,在脑科学的领域内却仍然是个棘手且困难的问题。

 

David Anderson, professor of biology at California Institute for Technology, hopes this will change.

加利福尼亚科技协会的生物学教授大卫·安德森希望这种情况有所改观。

 

 He believes his and other researchers’ efforts will provide a much better understanding of what an emotion is in the brain.

他相信他和其他研究者的研究成果,可以对“情感为何物”有更好的理解。

 

It has long been thought that the chemicals our bodies create largely regulate the way we feel, but Andersonthinks it could also be down to the wiring within our brains.

长期以来人们一直认为,人体产生的化学物质很大程度上调节我们感觉的方式。但是安德森认为感受的方式也被我们大脑中的线路所影响。

 

His experiments on mice and flies that switch on and off light-sensitive neurons have shown that the neurons that control aggressive behaviour are the same or similar to the neurons that control sexual behaviour.

他在老鼠和苍蝇身上做的实验,通过打开和关闭其对光敏感的神经元,显示了该神经元对暴力行为有所控制。与此相同或者说类似的还有控制性行为的神经元。

 

It offers the intriguing notion that the neurons that control sex and violence are intimately linked or overlapping in the brain.

这显示了一种有趣的观念,即控制性及暴力的神经元在大脑里有着密切的联系或是有所重叠。

 

It’s these and other insights in the field that are beginning to uncover how emotions are encoded in the brain.

在该领域内的这些及其他领悟开始揭露了大脑内的情绪密码。

 

The hope is that these intriguing findings will also provide a better understanding of how an emotion can go wrong in psychiatric disorders like depression, and how we can go about treating it.

希望这些有趣的发现也可以对情绪出错、出现精神上的混乱这个问题及如何处理它这个问题,让人有更好的理解。

 

分类: 英语
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