2014.8.22【英译中】边睡觉边背单词真的可以做到吗???

发表于:2014-08-22 11:52 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
    

It is one thing to learn a new piece of information, such as a new phone number or a new word, but quite another to get your brain to file it away so it is available when you need it.

学习新知识,比如一串新电话号或一个新单词,是一回事,而将他们存进大脑以便需要时进行调用又是另一回事。

     A new study published in the Journal of Neuroscience by researchers at the University of York and Harvard Medical School suggests that sleep may help to do both. The scientists found that sleep helps people to remember a newly learned word and incorporate new vocabulary into their "mental lexicon"。


纽约大学和哈佛大学医学院的研究者在《神经科学杂志》发表的一项新研究表明:睡觉也许可以二者兼修。科学家们发现睡觉有助于人们记住一个新学的单词并且将其纳入他们的“大脑词库”。

  During the study, researchers taught volunteers new words in the evening, followed by an immediate test. The volunteers slept overnight in the laboratory while their brain activity was recorded using an electroencephalogram. A test the following morning revealed that they could remember more words than they did immediately after learning them, and they could recognize them faster demonstrating that sleep had strengthened the new memories。

研究期间,研究者们在晚上教志愿者们新单词,随后立即测试。志愿者们在实验室睡一整夜,期间研究者们使用脑电波记录他们的大脑活动。次日清晨一个测试揭示志愿者们睡觉后记的单词比刚学记的多,并且他们能够更迅速的回想单词,这一现象表明睡眠有助于强化新记忆。

        This did not occur in a control group of volunteers who were trained in the morning and re-tested in the evening, with no sleep in between. An examination of the sleep volunteers' brainwaves showed that deep sleep (slow-wave sleep) rather than rapid eye movement (REM) sleep or light sleep helped in strengthening the new memories。


另一组受控制志愿者们早上接受单词训练,晚上接受测试,期间没有睡眠,但研究者发现效果不好显示:通过对有睡眠的志愿者们的脑波测试现实:深度睡眠(慢脑波幅度睡眠)比快速的眼球运动或者浅睡眠更能加强新记忆。

  These results highlight the importance of sleep and the underlying brain processes for expanding vocabulary. Lead author Jakke Tamminen, said: "New memories are only really useful if you can connect them to information you already know." he said their study identifies the brain activity during sleep that organizes new memories and makes those vital connections with existing knowledge。

这些结果强调了睡眠的重要性,并解释了大脑潜在的拓展词汇的机能。论文主要撰稿Jakke Tamminen 说:“如果你能讲新记忆和已经知道的知识联系起来,它们才能真正起作用。”他还说他们的研究证实了睡眠中的大脑可以组织新记忆并使其与现存的知识联系起来。


每天一翻~~~咳咳,我又来了~~红色的好像翻译的有问题,各位走过的路过的不用客气大胆的留下点痕迹哈

@抹茶红豆123 @_眷恋 @Zad9 @linglan1994 @李金马len @timelesstrgl @0416wind @sdqdwangxin


 


最后编辑于:2014-08-25 20:59
分类: 英语
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