2014.08.25【英译中】英格兰石器时代遗址(十)

发表于:2014-08-25 20:31 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

英格兰石器时代遗址(十)


One thing is certain, says Farrell: “The open nature of the 

landscape would have made life much easier for those 

early farmers. It could have been one of the reasons why 

they were able to devote so much time to monument building.”


有一件事是可以肯定的,法雷尔说:“由于视野的开放,

那些早期的农民的生活变得更加容易了。


这可能是他们能够付出这么多的时间,

来建立纪念碑的其中一个原因。”



It’s also clear that they had plenty of willing hands and strong backs to put to the 


cause. Estimates of Orkney’s population in Neolithic times run as high as 10,000—


roughly half the number of people who live there today—which no doubt helps account 


for the density of archaeological sites in the islands. Unlike other parts of Britain, 


where houses were built with timber, thatch, and other materials that rot away over 


time, Orcadians had abundant outcrops of fine, easily worked sandstone for building 


homes and temples that could last for centuries.


这也同时清楚的表明,他们有意愿也有能力去推动这个纪念碑的建立。

新石器时期,奥克尼郡的人口估计为10000,

也就是现今居住在同一片区域的人口数的一半。

这无疑有助于解释为什么岛屿存在如此多的考古遗址。

与英国的其他地方用木材,茅草等材料建成的房子有着明显的不同,

那些建筑会随着时间的推移而腐烂。奥尼克有着丰富的砂岩矿产,易于加工。

这些材料可以为持续几个世纪的房屋和庙宇的建造工程提供材料。



What’s more, the Neolithic homesteaders and pioneers who settled Orkney knew what 
they were doing. “Orkney’s farmers were among the first in Europe to have 
deliberately manured their fields to improve their crops,” says Jane Downes, director 
of the Archaeology Institute at the University of the Highlands and Islands. 
“Thousands of years later medieval peasants were still benefiting from the work those 
Neolithic farmers put into the soil.”


更重要的是,定居在新石器时代奥克尼的自耕农和开拓者们,

知道他们应该做什么。 

“在欧洲这个地域,奥克尼郡的农民是最早一批,

有意识的在自己的耕地上劳作,

来提高庄稼的产量的人。”

高地和群岛大学的考古研究所主任,简·唐斯说。

 “千百年后,中世纪的农民仍然受益于当时农


民对土壤的所做的改造。”


最后编辑于:2014-08-25 20:42
分类: 英语

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