2014.08.26【英译中】National Parks Called America’s Best Idea(1)

发表于:2014-08-26 17:18 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The United States established its first national park in 1872. Yellowstone, in the western state of Wyoming, is home to grizzly bears, wolves and other animals.
1872年,美国建立了第一个国家公园——黄石公园。黄石公园位于怀俄明州西部,是灰熊、狼和其他动物的故乡。

Yellowstone was not only the first national park in America. It was the first in the world.

黄石公园不仅是美国的第一个国家公园而且是世界上的第一个。

Since then, about 100 nations have followed the example. They have established over 100,000 national parks and protected areas for the enjoyment of people today and generations to come.

以后,约有100个国家开始竞相效仿。他们建立超过10,0000座国家公园,为了当代和后代人们的娱乐保护这些区域。

The National Park Service in the United States manages a total of 401 "units," as it calls them. These include national parks, historical sites, monuments, buildings and battlefields. They also include recreation areas, seashores, rivers, trails and parkways—almost 34 million hectares of land in all.

美国的国家公园管理处一共管理着401个“单元”,正如人们所讲,这些“单元”包括国家公园、历史遗址、纪念碑、建筑物和战场遗迹。它们也包括修复区域、海岸、河流、踪迹和公园道路等总共有3,400万公顷的地域。

Visitors can hike in the woods. Climb mountains. Photograph animals. Explore Civil War battlefields. Go swimming or river-rafting. Ride horses. Or just enjoy a day outdoors with the beauty of nature.

游客可以在丛林中徒步,爬山,进行动物摄影,内战战场探险,游泳或是漂流,骑马,或者仅仅是流连一天的户外美景。

The National Park Service was created in 1916. President Woodrow Wilson signed an act to make the National Park Service part of the Interior Department.

国家公园管理处于1916年建成,总统伍德罗威尔逊签署法令,使得国家公园管理处成为内政部的一部分。

The National Park Service has two main jobs. One is to protect the national parks. The other is to help visitors enjoy them. In 2009, director Ken Burns made a movie about the history of the National Parks. He called them "America's Best Idea."

国家公园管理处有两项主要职责。一个是保护国家公园,另一个是帮助游客能够更好的游览。2009年,肯伯恩斯导演制作了一部关于国家公园历史的电影,名字叫做“美国的最佳主意”。

One way the National Park Service is able to operate is through the fees it charges. One hundred thirty-three sites charge entrance fees between $5 and $25. Each entrance fee is good for seven days. However, visitors can buy a yearly pass for $80. And people over 62- years-old can buy a lifetime pass for $10. A free lifetime pass is offered to people with disabilities.

国家公园管理处的运行费用一方面来自所收取的费用。133个景点收取游览费,价格在5到25美元之间。每个景点的浏览费都是7内有效(??)然而,游客可以花费80美元买年票。超过62岁的老人花费10美元就可以买一张终身门票。完全免费的终身门票仅限残疾人使用。

In 2012, almost 287 million people visited the American national park system.

2012年,约有2,8700万人次访问了美国国家公园系统。

Today the United States has 59 national parks. Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve is the largest park in the United States. It is in Alaska and covers over five million hectares of land—larger than the size of Switzerland.

如今,美国共有59个国家公园。兰格尔山脉——圣爱丽丝国家公园和保护区是全美最大的公园。它坐落在阿拉斯加,覆盖面积超过500万公顷的土地,要比整个瑞士还大。

分类: 英语
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