2014.8.27【英译中】why we walk

发表于:2014-08-27 19:47 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

why we walk

行走的意义

Why people walk is a hard question that looks easy. Upright bipedalism seems such an obvious advantage from the viewpoint of those already upright that we rarely see its difficulty.


虽看似简单,可人类为什么要行走是一个难以回答的问题。从那些没什么困难就能站立角度来说,直立行走似乎是一个明显的优势。

In the famous diagram, Darwinian man unfolds himself from frightened crouch to strong surveyor of the ages, and it looks like a natural ascension: you start out bending over, knuckles dragging, timidly scouring the ground for grubs, then you slowly straighten up until there you are, staring at the skies and counting the stars and thinking up gods to rule them.

在十分有名的图解表中,达尔文理论人类进化图从害拍的蜷伏到强壮伸展的阶段,看那、起来是一个自然上升的过程:刚开始弯腰蜷伏,拖着四肢,小心翼翼的在地面上寻找事物,然后你慢慢的进化,直到变成现在的你,仰望天空,数着星星,幻想着上帝创造万物。

But the advantages of walking have actually been tricky to calculate. One guess among the evolutionary biologists has been that a significant advantage may simply be that walking on two legs frees up your hands to throw rocks at what might become your food—or to throw rocks at other bipedal creatures who are throwing rocks at what might become their food.

但是行走的优势已经不明显,进化生物学家的一个猜想认为,最直接简单解释行走的意义是直立行走后能空出2只手扔掷石头猎取食物,或者对敌人扔掷石头保护自己防止成为他人的猎物。

 Although walking upright seems to have preceded throwing rocks, the rock throwing, the biologists point out, is rarer than the bipedalism alone, which we share with all the birds, including awkward penguins and ostriches, and with angry bears.

虽然直立行走早于扔石头的能力,但是生物学家指出,扔石头的能力要比单独只会直立行走能力珍贵,就好像全部的鸟类,包括笨手笨脚的企鹅和鸵鸟,还有生气的狗熊都只会直立行走却不会扔石头。

 Meanwhile, the certainty of human back pain, like the inevitability of labor pains, is evidence of the jury-rigged, best-solution-at-hand nature of evolution.

同时,人类必然患有背部疼痛,就像产前阵痛一样不可避免,这证据表明自然进化是最好的解决方案。

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第一次翻译,有很多狗屁不通的地方,请大家多多指点。谢谢大家!


最后编辑于:2014-10-29 20:53
分类: 英语
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