2014.08.27【英译中】Learning by Thinking(3)

发表于:2014-08-28 11:36 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Next, the researchers recruited 178 university students to participate in the same experiment as the first study, but with two key differences: One, they were not paid based on their performance; rather, they all received a flat fee. Two, before starting the second round of brain teasers, they were asked to indicate the extent to which they felt "capable, competent, able to make good judgments, and able to solve difficult problems if they tried hard enough."
接下来研究人员又招募了178名大学生参与和第一个实验相同的研究,这一次有两个核心的不同。第一他们不会因他们的表现而获得报酬,而是一同获得固定的费用。第二在他们开始第二轮答题前,他们会被要求陈述自己认为能够胜任、有竞争力的、能够做出正确判断的、能够经努力后解决困难的程度。


As in the first study, those in the sharing and reflection conditions performed better than those in the control group. Those who had reflected on their problem solving reportedly felt more competent and effective than those in the control group.

和第一个研究一样,分享组和反省组比第一组要表现的好得多。而在参与者的陈述中,那些反省了自身问题的人认为自己更有竞争力更有效率。


"When we stop, reflect, and think about learning, we feel a greater sense of self-efficacy," Gino says. "We're more motivated and we perform better afterward."

当我们停下来反省,思考,我们会感到更加高效,我们更有动力也会在接下来表现的更好。

The researchers studied several groups of employees in their initial weeks of training for a particular customer account. As with the previous experiments, each group was assigned to one of three conditions: control, reflection, and sharing. Each group went through the same technical training, with a couple of key differences.
调查人员会研究一些新来的雇员,他们正在为特殊的用户账号而接受培训。同之前的实验一样,他们被分为3个组。每一组会接受相同的技术培训,同时也有很关键的区别。


In the reflection group, on the sixth through the 16th days of training, workers spent the last 15 minutes of each day writing and reflecting on the lessons they had learned that day. Participants in the sharing group did the same, but spent an additional five minutes explaining their notes to a fellow trainee. Those in the control condition just kept working at the end of the day, but did not receive additional training.

在反省组中,16天培训的第6天后,雇员们在每一天最后15分钟被要求写下来他们对当天课程的回顾。在分享组中的雇员会做同样的事情,但会再花另外5分钟对一位同事讲解自己的笔记。而控制组中的雇员只是在工作不会有额外的训练。
最后编辑于:2014-10-29 21:32
分类: 英语

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