2014.08.27【英译中】What China Wants (3/4)

发表于:2014-08-28 23:40 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Yet, if the liberal order is to survive, it must evolve. Denying the reality of China’s growing power would only encourage China to reject the world as it is. By contrast, if China can prosper within the system, it will reinforce it. That is why the United States needs to acknowledge one increasingly awkward aspect of its leadership: American advantage is hard-wired into the system in ways that a rising power might justifiably resent.
但即使自由主义秩序保存了下来,它也终会有所演化。否认中国权力正不断扩大的事实,会激发中国抗拒这样的世界秩序。反之,如果中国能在这样的秩序下繁荣,自由主义秩序便会得以巩固。这就是为什么美国在它的领导力中所表现的尴尬的一面:美国优势是自由主义秩序是这股正在增长的势力所难以打破的,而打破这一秩序无疑会惹人厌恶。

For a great power to find a new equilibrium with an emerging one is hard—because every adaptation looks like a retreat. Three principles should guide America.
于一个大势力来说在新的势力崛起中寻找新的平衡是很难的,因为任何的部署都会显得不合时宜。以下三个原则或许能帮到美国。

First, it should only make promises that it is prepared to keep. On the one hand, America would be foolish to draw red lines around specks of reef in the South China Sea. On the other, if America is to count for anything, its allies need to know that they can depend on it. Although Taiwan is central to China’s sense of its own honour, America should leave Beijing in no doubt that it would come to the island’s defence.
第一,信守承诺。一方面,美国若就中国南海的暗礁争端和中国划清界限是愚蠢的。另外,如果美国要清算什么,它的同盟国需要明确它是可以倚赖的。虽然台湾对于中国的颜面非常的重要,但美国是不会因为忌讳北京而不参与到台湾的保卫战中。

Second, even in security, America must make room. China’s participation in America’s recent RIMPAC naval exercises off Hawaii was a start. China could be invited to join Asian exercises, including for disaster relief. And America should avoid a cold-war battle for the loyalty of regional powers.

第二,出于安全方面的考虑,美国也必须留有空间。最近中国加入的美国环太平洋在夏威夷的海军演习不过是一个开始而已,中国将很有可能获邀参加亚洲的军事演习,而美国为了区域势力的忠诚应该避免与中国冷战。



2014.08.25【英译中】What China Wants (1/4)

2014.08.26【英译中】What China Wants (2/4)

2014.08.28【英译中】What China Wants (4/4)



最后编辑于:2014-10-29 20:53
分类: 英语
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