2014.09.18【英译汉】工作时的消极情绪能带来积极效果

发表于:2014-09-18 15:51 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Surprising new research suggests it can actually be good to feel bad at work, and that feeling good in the workplace can lead to negative outcomes.
研究的惊人发现表明,实际上工作时的消极情绪能带来积极效果,而积极的情绪却可能导致消极结果
 The study of emotions in the workplace, edited by University of Liverpool researchers Drs. Dirk Lindebaum and Peter Jordan, is the topic of a Special Issue of the journal Human Relations.
来自利物浦大学的德克和乔丹领导的课题,工作时的情绪是社会关系杂志的一项特殊问题的主题。
 They found that the commonly-held assumption that positivity in the workplace produces positive outcomes, while negative emotions lead to negative outcomes, may be in need for reconsideration. This is partly due to this assumption failing to take into account the differences in work contexts which effect outcomes.
 他们发现人类普遍认为的假设,工作时的积极情绪能产积极的结果,相反消极情绪导致消极的结果,或许这个议题需要重新讨论了。因为在调查中发现这个假设在影响工作效益的因素中没有产生差异。
For instance, anger does not always lead to negative outcomes and can be used as a force for good through acting upon injustices. In some cases, anger can be considered a force for good if motivated by perceived violations of moral standards.
 例如,生气不总是产生消极的结果,它也可以转变成一种面对不公平的动力。在一些情况下如果情绪变化是因为觉察到违反道德,那么生气可以认为是一种正面的动力。
An employee, for example, could express anger constructively after a manager has treated a fellow worker unfairly.
例如在经理不公平的对待一个下属的情况下雇员们可能会委婉的表达自己的生气。
 In such cases, anger can be useful to prevent these acts of injustice from repeating themselves in the future.
 在这种那个情况下生气可以防止将来他们再一次受到不公平待遇。
Likewise, being too positive in the workplace, rather than resulting in greater well-being and greater productivity, can lead to complacency and superficiality.
 同样的,工作时太积极的情绪可能导致自满和无知。而不是产生幸福和高效。
One article within the issue also finds that, within team situations, negativity can have a good affect, leading to less consensus and therefore greater discussion amongst workers which enhances team effectiveness.
 一个相关的杂志发现在团队工作时的消极情绪会产生正面的效果,它会减少共识从而增加队员的激烈争论。这会增加增加团队的效益。
An interesting contradiction is identified in another study of the special issue. Here, people derive satisfaction from doing “good” in the context of helplines by providing support to people in times of emotional distress.
 在另一项特殊研究中一项有趣的悖论被提出。通过热线电话帮助处于沮丧中的人,人们在这种环境下会得到满足。
However, they are negatively affected by their line of work due to people shunning them in social situations.
然而,在社会环境下由于人们的回避,他们在行业中受到消极的影响。
最后编辑于:2014-10-30 16:03
分类: 英语
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