2014.04.27【英译中】The return of the stay-at-home mother

微笑sunnyma (微笑)
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发表于:2014-04-27 10:56 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

   EACH suburban housewife, wrote Betty Friedan in 1963, struggles with a single question as she makes the beds, shops for groceries, chauffeurs children about and lies beside her husband at night: “Is this all?” A few years after her groundbreaking book “The Feminine Mystique” was published, the Census Bureau began collecting data on the proportion of mothers who opt to stay at home. Over the subsequent decades the statistics answered Friedan’s question with a heartfelt no.

    贝蒂弗莱顿1963年写道,郊区家庭主妇们每天整理床铺,去杂货店购物,接送小孩,晚上睡在丈夫身边。她们都会为一个问题所困扰:这就是我全部的生活吗?她的开拓性著作《女性的奥秘》出版几年后,人口普查局开始搜集数据。他们对选择留在家里的妈妈的比率进行了调查。在之后的几十年里,调查数据回答了弗莱顿的问题,答案是否定的。

   In 1967 the share of mothers who did not work outside the home stood at 49%; by the turn of the millennium it had dropped to just 23% (see chart 1). Many thought this number would continue to fall as women sought to “have it all”. Instead, the proportion of stay-at-home mothers has been rising steadily for the past 15 years, according to new data crunched by the Pew Research Centre.
  1967年,全职妈妈的比例为49%,世纪之交时,这一比率下降到了23%。很多人认为,随着女人对“理想生活”的追求,这一比例会不断下降。但是,根据佩尤研究中心的最新数据,在过去15年里,全职妈妈的比例在不断上升。

     This partly reflects demographic change. Immigrants, a rising share of the relevant generation, are more likely to be stay-at-home mums than women born in America. There is an economic component to the change, too: at the end of the 1990s, when mothers staying at home were at their rarest, the economy was creating so many jobs that most people who wanted work could find it. Now more report that they are unable to do so, or are studying in the hope of finding work later. But there is also an element of choice: a quarter of stay-at-home mothers have college degrees.
    这一现象部分反映了人口的改变。移民是导致比例上升的主要原因。与本土美国妇女不同,她们更愿意在家做全职妈妈。对于这一改变,还形成了一种新型经济:在20年代末,很少有妈妈愿意待在家里。为了适应经济发展,给想要找工作的人创造了很多工作机会,以便他们能够找到工作。现在报告显示她们不再这样做了,或者她们选择继续学习,之后再找工作。但是也有另一种选择:20%的全职妈妈拥有学士学位。






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