2014.4.30【英译中】055 民主参与指的是哪些活动?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-04-30 10:53 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
Answer:
• Vote
• Join a political party
• Help with a campaign
• Join a civic group
• Join a community group
• Give an elected official your opinion on an issue
• Call Senators and Representatives
• Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
• Run for office
• Write to a newspaper
55. 民主参与指的是哪些活动?
投票表决
加入政党
协助竞选活动
加入公民团体
加入社区团体
向民选官员提供自己对某个议题的意见
与自己的参议员和众议员连络
公开支持或反对某个议题或政策
竞选公职
写信给媒体

Explanation:
    The United States has a representative democracy, which means that citizens vote for people who will represent them in the government, making laws and decisions that reflect (or are the same as) what the citizens want. If Americans do not participate in their democracy, then the laws won’t reflect what they want. That is why civic involvement (or participation in government) is extremely important in the United States.
    美国实行代议制民主,即人民自己选举政府代表,来立法及做国家决策。如果人民不参与民主建设,那么新的立法就无法体现民意。这就是为什么公民参与在美国意义重大。
    The most basic (or easiest and simplest) type of civic involvement is to vote, but some people are much more politically active (or involved in government and politics). Many people choose to join a political party, which is a group of people who have similar beliefs about what the government should do and want to get power for their group in the government. Some of them help with campaigns (or the things people do to try to be elected to a government job) for their political party’s candidates (or the people who are trying to be elected). Sometimes they help by calling undecided voters (or people who haven’t yet decided whom they will vote for) or by visiting them in their homes.
    最基本的公民参与行为就是投票,但有些人更喜欢政治参与。所以很多人会加入有共同政治信仰的政党,他们对政府该如何运行意见一致,并且想要在政府中取得一定地位。有些人还会协助本党候选人参加竞选。他们有时也会打给那些举棋不定的选民,甚至上门拜访。

    Other people are more politically active for issues than for candidates. They might join a community group that tries to show people how important an issue is. They also call Senators and Representatives to try to get them to vote a certain way on important issues. Sometimes these people will talk to their friends and family about the issues and some of them even write letters to the editor, which is the part of the newspaper where people can write about their strong beliefs. 

    其他人的政治参与度更多地表现在事件上,而非候选人。他们可能会选择加入社区团体,向人们揭示某项议题是多么重要。他们还会打电话给参议员和众议员为某项议题拉票。有时这些人还会跟朋友家人一起讨论这项议题,有些人还会写信给出版社,这是人们通过媒体表达他们强烈信仰的一个渠道。

    The people who have the highest level of civic involvement try to run for office (or try to get elected to a political position or job). Sometimes people begin locally, at first running for office in their neighborhood or city, but then seeking office (or trying to get elected) at the state or national level. Each and every American can choose how much civil involvement he or she wants to have.最高等级的公民    参与就是竞选公职。有些人是从家乡开始他们的政治生涯的,最初参加他们社区或城市竞选,接下来是州,最后国家级竞选。每个美国公民都可以自主决定民主参与度。

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