2014.5.6【英译中】Chapter 1 How on earth did we get here? 1

nlss (林小七) 译心译意
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发表于:2014-05-01 17:59 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


Everything: A Very Short Introduction 

《万物简史》

Chapter 1 How on earth did we get here?

第一章 我们究竟是如何走到今天


In 1638 two men met in a villa in Arcetri, near Florence. One was a precocious thirty-year-old Englishman, the other an ageing and grey-bearded Italian natural philosopher. Under house arrest by order of the Roman Church, Galileo was used to receiving visitors curious about his astronomical theory, and his young guest may have left little impression. But John Milton did not forget the meeting.


    1638年,两个男人两位男士在靠近佛罗伦萨的阿切特里的住所会面。一个是位三十多岁、举止老成的英国男人,另一个则是位上了年纪、胡子灰白的意大利自然哲学家。在被罗马教廷下令软禁期间,伽利略已经习惯了来自对其天文学理论好奇的年轻人的拜访,而他的年轻访客则几乎留不下多少印象。但是约翰·弥尔顿并不曾忘记过这次会面。


When twenty years later Milton began his most famous work, the epic poem Paradise Lost, the memory of Galileo must have haunted him. He had been appalled by the unjust treatment meted out to the sage of Pisa, and in his passionate defence of the freedom of speech, Areopagitica (1644), he had described how Galileo’s imprisonment by the Inquisition ‘for thinking in Astronomy otherwise than the Franciscan and Dominican licensers thought’ had ‘damped the glory of Italian wits’. Yet what is the universe of Paradise Lost but the conventional hierarchical cosmos of Ptolemy, endorsed by Christian theologians, with the heavens above and hell below a static earth?


    当20年后,弥尔顿开始创作其最为著名的作品——史诗巨作《失乐园》的时候,对伽利略的记忆肯定还萦绕在他的心间。对“比萨斜塔圣贤”的不公正判决曾让他震惊。而在他饱含热情捍卫自由的演说《论出版自由》(1644)中,他详细描述了伽利略如何因“思考天文学,而非圣芳济会和多米尼加授权的思想”并且“抛弃了意大利理智光辉”,而被异端裁判所监禁。如果不是被基督神学家们所赞同的传统托勒密分层宇宙学说,那么《失乐园》中上有天堂、下有地狱的静态宇宙又是什么?


最后编辑于:2014-05-01 20:31
分类: 英语
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