2014.05.02【英译中】Poor vitamin D levels during pregnancy linked to tooth decay

发表于:2014-05-02 19:22 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

      Women's low vitamin D levels during pregnancy are linked to a higher risk of cavities in the teeth of their toddlers, according to a new study from Canada.

        据加拿大最新的一项研究显示,孕期女性如果维他命D含量较低,则可能会引起胎儿的龋齿发生率上升。

Previous studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency among mothers can lead to defects in the enamel of their toddlers' teeth - which have already begun to develop in the womb – and that these defects can increase the risk of tooth decay.

先前研究已经发现孕妇维他命D缺乏会导致胎儿牙齿珐琅质的缺陷--这在子宫中就已经开始形成了--这些缺陷会导致胎儿形成龋齿。

Robert J. Schroth from University of Manitoba's dental school in Winnipeg and his team wondered whether low vitamin D levels in mothers during pregnancy would also translate into higher cavity rates for their toddlers.

来自温尼伯曼尼托巴齿科学校的罗伯特和他的团队认为孕期女性低维他命D含量也会导致孕妇本身形成龋齿。

They measured vitamin D levels in the second or early third trimester in 207 pregnant women and then examined the teeth of 135 of their children when they were an average of 16 months old. Mothers-to-be were recruited from a predominantly poor, urban area.

他们在第二个和第三个月初检测了207位怀孕女性的维他命D含量,并随后在135个16个月大的婴儿身上检查了他们的牙齿。这些准妈妈都来自贫困的郊区。

Women's vitamin D levels were mostly in the normal range, but about one-third had levels that were too low.

大多数女性的维他命D含量水平都在正常范围之内,但也有将近三分之一女性的维他命D含量水平很低。

Depending on what definition of cavities the researchers used, 23 to 36 percent of the toddlers had cavities.

根据研究人员选用的龋齿标准,23%到36%的婴儿有龋齿。

Prenatal vitamin D levels were significantly lower in women whose toddlers later had cavities than in women whose toddlers did not have cavities, according to findings published on Monday in the journal Pediatrics.

周一刊发的儿科杂志中的一片文章称,孕期女性有龋齿的婴儿的维他命D含量要明显低比孕期没有龋齿的女性的婴儿。

In fact, there was a direct relationship between low vitamin D levels in mothers and higher numbers of cavities in their toddlers.

事实上,孕期女性的低含量维他命D与其婴儿的龋齿有直接的联系。

Besides low vitamin D levels in mothers, defects in the tooth enamel were also associated with cavities in kids.

不光由于母亲的低维他命D含量水平,牙齿珐琅质的缺陷也是导致婴儿龋齿发生的原因之一。

分类: 英语
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