2014.5.3【英译中】056 哪天是递交联邦所得税表格的最后一天?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-03 20:52 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?  
Answer:   
April 15 
56 哪天是递交联邦所得税表格的最后一天?
4月15日


Explanation:   
  There is a very well-known saying in English: “The only sure things (or things that will definitely happen) in life are death and taxes.” Just like there is no way to avoid death (or to not die), there is no way to avoid paying taxes, which is money that we pay to the government so that the government can provide education, security, and other services to its people. In the United States, everyone who makes money must pay federal (or national) income taxes, which is money we pay to the government based on how much money we have made. 
  有条广为流传的名言:“生命中唯有两件事情是确定的,死亡和税务。”就像人没法避免死亡一样,你也无法逃税,这些税是付给政府来给人们提供教育、安全和其他服务的。在美国,每个赚钱的人都要付给政府所得税,这取决于我们的收入。
  In the United States, taxpayers must file (or send in) their own federal income tax forms, which are pieces of paper that request information and have spaces for us to write down that information. The tax forms request personal information like your name and address, as well as information about how much money you made in the past year. The forms always must be postmarked (or stamped by the post office) by April 15th. If the federal income tax forms are postmarked on a later date, the taxpayer will have to pay a fine, which is money that we must pay because we did something wrong. 
  在美国,纳税人必须提交联邦政府的所得税表格,你要在上面填写一些信息,像姓名、地址等个人信息,还有去年你总共赚了多少钱。这张所得税表格必须在4月15日之前盖上邮戳,一旦超过这一天,纳税人就要为做错了事而交罚金。
  Filing tax forms is not very difficult, but if you own your own business or have your money in a lot of other things to make money, it can be complicated. Many people fill out (or write in the answers on) their tax forms on their own. Other people have tax accountants, which are people who do taxes as their job, do it for them. Either way, it is important to keep all of our tax information organized throughout the year so that we will be ready when it is time to file taxes. 
  递交所得税表格并不是一件很困难的事情,但如果你有自己的公司或通过很多渠道来赚钱,那就复杂了。有人自己填税务表,还有些人有专业的会计师来帮他们填表格。无论是哪种方式,整理你一整年的税务信息都是必要的,这样一来你就可以提交所得税表格了。
  Throughout the year, the company where you work takes withholdings, which is money that you never see because the company sends it directly to the federal (or national) government. The withholdings are as much as you expect to owe (or need to pay) in taxes. Then, early in the following year, you file your tax forms. If your total tax owed is more than the withholdings, meaning you have not yet paid enough taxes, you will need to pay the difference between what you have already paid and what you owe. If the total amount of the taxes you owe is less than your withholdings, then you will get a tax refund (or money that is returned to you from the government because you have already paid too much). 

  雇主替政府从职员薪资中预扣税款,由于是直接交给政府的,你是没有机会看到这笔钱的。预扣税款是你预计要付的税。在年前你就要递交所得税表格。如果你的欠缴税款比预扣税款多,也就是说你没有缴纳足够的税,你就要补足你已付和所欠的差额。如果你欠缴的税额少于预付税款,你就会收到一张退税单。

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