2014.05.07【英译中】婚姻的压力容易使人忧郁

Z874033402 (小鱼) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-07 15:17 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

                                                                   婚姻的压力容易使人忧郁 

                                       

  

  Marital stress may make people more vulnerable to depression, according to a recent study by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers and their colleagues. The long-term study, published in the April 2014 Journal of Psychophysiology, shows that people who experience chronic marital stress are less able to savor positive experiences, a hallmark of depression. They are also more likely to report other depressive symptoms.
  根据最近威斯康辛大学的研究人员的一项研究表明,婚姻的压力容易使人忧郁。这项长期研究发表在2014年4月份的心理学期刊上,显示长期处于婚姻的压力的人们会有很少的积极经历,有着抑郁的气息,他们也很有可能有着其他的一些抑郁症状。

The findings are important, says study leader Richard Davidson, UW-Madison William James and Vilas Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry, because they could help researchers understand what makes some people more vulnerable to mental and emotional health challenges.

 领导这项研究的理查德大卫森、华盛顿大学麦迪逊威廉詹姆斯和心理精神病学教授维拉斯说,这个发现很重要,因为他们帮助研究者们明白什么挑战着人们的精神情绪的健康。
It might also help scientists develop tools to prevent them.
 这个发现也许会帮助科学家们开发阻止抑郁的工具
"This is not an obvious consequence, if you will, of marital stress, but it's one I think is extraordinarily important because of the cascade of changes that may be associated," says Davidson, founder of the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds at the UW's Waisman Center. "This is the signature of an emotional style that reveals vulnerability to depression."
 “婚姻的压力对于你来说并没有什么明显的影响,但是我认为它是非常重要的,因为它关联着很多的变化。”华盛顿大学威丝曼的精神健康调查中心的创建人戴维森说道,“这正是情绪化很容易导致抑郁的证据。”
Married people are, in general, happier and healthier than single people, according to numerous studies. But marriage can also be one of the most significant sources of long-lasting social stress. It's not all wedded bliss.
 通过无数的研究发现,结婚的人一般来说比单身的人要幸福。但是婚姻也可能成为长期社会压力的一项重要的诱因。并不是所有的婚姻都是天赐良缘。
The researchers thought chronic marital stress could provide a good model for how other common daily stressors may lead to depression and similar conditions.
 研究者发现,慢性的婚姻压力可以为其他如何导致抑郁和相同状况的日常生活压力源提供了很好的模型。
"How is it that a stressor gets under your skin and how does that make some more vulnerable tomaladaptive(不适应的) responses?" says UW-Madison graduate student Regina Lapate. She is the paper's lead author.
一位华盛顿大学麦迪森毕业的学生瑞吉娜拉普特说:"压力源是怎么侵入到你们的体内,是怎么让人变得不适应对外界做出反应的?”她是这篇论文的第一作者。
For the longitudinal study -- part of the National Institute on Aging-funded Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) study directed by Carol Ryff, director of the Institute on Aging at UW-Madison -- researchers recruited married adult participants to complete questionnaires rating their stress on a six-point scale.
 为了纵向研究,作为美国中年生活研究所的一员,主导华盛顿大学麦迪森老化人口研究的卡罗尔在美国华盛顿大学研究所展开了研究。研究者招募已婚的成年人参与完成调查问卷,并对他们的压力评定级别。
They were asked questions like how often they felt let down by their partner or how frequently their spouse criticized them. They were also evaluated for depression.
 他们被问了像他们多久会让他们的伴侣失望一次或者他们的伴侣责备他们的频率这样的问题。这些问题也是被用来评估抑郁的。
Roughly nine years later, the questionnaire and depression assessments were repeated.
 大概九年之后,这样的调查问卷和抑郁评估再三重复。
In year 11, the participants were invited to the laboratory to undergo emotional response testing, a means of measuring their resilience. Resilience(恢复力), from an emotional perspective, reflects how quickly a person can recover from a negative experience.
 11年中,参与调查者被邀请到实验室去完成情绪反应测试,一种测试他们的恢复力的方法。恢复力,从一个角度来讲,反映了一个人从消极的经历中恢复过来的快慢。
The participants were shown 90 images, a mix of negative, neutral and positive photographs such as a smiling mother-daughter pair. The electrical activity of the corrugator supercilii, also known as the frowning(皱眉头) muscle, was measured to assess the intensity and duration of their response.
 参与者被展示了90张图像,消极的,中立的,积极的(比如一对微笑着的母女)混合在一起的图片。皱眉肌(也被成为皱眉头肌肉)的电活动被用来评估他们反应的强度和持续时间。

As the nickname suggests, the frowning muscle activates more strongly during a negative response. At rest, the muscle has a basal level of tension but during a positive emotional response, the muscle becomes more relaxed.

正如昵称暗示的那样,皱眉肌在消极的反应中会表现的更加活跃。休息时皱眉肌处于一个水平强度的状态,但是在积极的情绪反应中,肌肉变得更加的放松。

                                                              @花甲吉吉  @merridie @XMM7659 @微笑sunnyma @日薄渐起 @virgo年 @呆萌控mylove@彩绘桑 @sunshineoppo

最后编辑于:2014-05-07 15:45
分类: 英语
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