2014.5.7【英译中】059 欧洲人来之前,哪些人居住在美国?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-07 16:51 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
Answer:
• Native Americans
• American Indians
59. 欧洲人来之前,哪些人居住在美国?
美国土著居民
美国印第安人


Explanation:
  Most Americans are taught that an explorer (or a person who goes to an unknown place to learn about it) named Christopher Columbus discovered (or found) America in 1492. But the truth is that millions of people were already living in North and South American before Christopher Columbus ever arrived on the American shore (or the land next to an ocean). Christopher Columbus was surprised to see the natives (or people who are born in America). He thought that he had landed in the East Indies on his way to India, so he called the people he met there Indians. Today, these people are usually called American Indians or Native Americans.
  大部分美国人都被灌输的概念是:探险家克里斯托弗·哥伦布在1492年发现了新大陆。但事实是,在哥伦布来到美国海岸之前,就有一大批人已经居住在南北美洲了。哥伦布对这些土著人感到非常惊奇,他以为自己是在东印度登陆了,因此他把这些人叫做“印第安人”。如今这些人常常被叫做“美国印第安人”或“美国土著居民”。
  The arrival of Christopher Columbus and other Europeans in the New World (or North and South America) was devastating (or extremely bad) for the Native Americans. Millions of Native Americans died because of epidemic diseases, which were illnesses that made a large number of the Native Americans sick very quickly. Many of the diseases that were common in the Old World (or Europe) were unheard of (or unknown) in the New World. The American Indians did not have the immunities that Europeans did, which meant that their bodies did not have the ability to fight against the diseases. When the Europeans came, they inadvertently (or without knowing or wanting to) infected the Native Americans and made them ill. Many of them died without ever knowing what was happening.
  哥伦布和其他欧洲人的到来对新大陆上的土著居民带来了毁灭性的打击。大批大批的土著人因传染病而死,这些疾病能迅速毁坏身体。许多在旧大陆很常见的病在新大陆是闻所未闻的。这些土著印第安人不像欧洲人那样有对抗这些疾病的免疫力。随着欧洲人的到来,病毒无意间传染给了这些印第安人,许多人到底都不知道自己得的是什么病。
  The Native Americans who didn’t die from disease were often killed by the Europeans. Almost all of the Europeans who came to America wanted the Native Americans to become more like them, and especially to become Christian and believe in the Christian God. They killed Native Americans who resisted (or fought against) their efforts.
  这些土著居民不是病死就是被欧洲人杀死的。几乎所有来到美洲大陆的欧洲人都希望这些土著居民变得跟他们一样,特别是宗教上,要信仰基督教,信奉基督。如果这些土著军民不愿意,就杀了他们。
  As more and more Europeans began living in and being born in the New World, they needed more land, so they began to displace the Native Americans, which means that the Native Americans were made to move to other lands so that the Europeans could use them for farming. Over time, the Native Americans were pushed further and further west to lands that were not very good for growing things. Many Native Americans died while walking to those new lands, and many others died when there wasn’t enough water and food in those new lands.

  随着越来越多的欧洲人在这里出生成长,他们就想要更多的土地,因此他们就开始驱赶这些土著居民,用这些土地来耕种。随着时间的推移,这些土著居民被赶到谷物无收的西部。许多土著居民死在迁徙的过程中,另一些因为缺少食物和水而死亡。

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