2014.5.8 【英译中】060 哪类人曾经被卖到美国当奴隶?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
147 4 0
发表于:2014-05-08 15:09 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Answer:
• Africans
• people from Africa
60. 哪类人曾经被卖到美国当奴隶?
非洲人
来自非洲的人

Explanation:
  When Europeans began to live in the United States, they had a lot of work to do. They needed to make farms so that people would have enough to eat, build towns and cities, and build roads so that people could go between the towns and cities. There was too much work to do and not enough people to do it. So Europeans began to use slaves (or people who are forced to work without pay and are owned by other people). Most of the slaves were black people from Africa who were taken to America and sold to wealthy (or rich) people.
  当欧洲人定居在美国后,他们有很多工作要做。他们需要建立农场来丰衣足食,建立城镇,规划城市,以及建造作为交通的道路。要做的事情太多了,人手又不够,于是欧洲人就开始用奴隶。大部分奴隶都来自非洲,他们被卖给美国资产阶级。
  Africans were treated very poorly on the slave ships, which were large boats that brought slaves from Africa, and many of them died before getting to America. Historians (or people who study history) estimate (or guess) that about 645,000 Africans were brought to the United States. By 1860, the number of Africans had grown to around 4 million slaves. Most of these slaves lived and worked in the Southern United States, where cotton fields (or areas where something is grown for food or clothing) needed a lot of labor (or hard work). Many of them worked on large plantations, which were very large farms.
  这些非洲人通过奴隶船被带到美国,他们船上的环境糟透了,以致很多人在到达美国之前就死了。历史学家预估当时大约有645000个非洲人被带到了美国。到1860年,这个数字上升到4百万。这些被带到美国的奴隶大部分都在南美洲工作生活,这里有大片的棉田需要耕种。许多人都在一个大种植园里劳作,如同一个大农场。
  Slavery was legal (or allowed by law) from 1654 to 1865. During this time, most slaves were treated very badly by their owners. Slaves were often whipped (or hit with a long piece of leather to cut a person’s back) and beaten (or hit badly). Female slaves were often raped (or forced to have sex) by their owners. Black families were often separated (or forced to leave each other) when children were sold separately from their parents. For all these reasons, over time people began to think that slavery was wrong. Eventually slavery was made illegal (or against the law) when the 13th Constitutional Amendment was passed (or made into law) in 1865.

  1654年到1865年买卖奴隶都是合法的。这段时期,大部分奴隶主对待奴隶相当恶劣。奴隶常常遭受鞭刑及暴打。女人则常被充当性奴。由于孩子们都被卖掉了,黑人无法拥有完整的家庭。综上所述,渐渐地人们开始意识到奴隶制是错误的。1865年通过了第十三条宪法修正案,标志着奴隶制的时代终于结束了。

--------------

     欢迎大家订阅我的新节目【美国精神100期】,采用podcast上广受欢迎的英语教学节目,听、说、读、写、译全方位入手,并结合艾宾浩斯记忆遗忘曲线,会在节目中提醒今日该复习哪一课,让你的英语不留死角。 

我相信,真正的好节目,不在于形而在骨。

分类: 英语
全部回复 (4)

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团