2014.5.9【英译中】061 殖民地居民为什么要反抗英国人?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-09 15:11 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
61. Why did the colonists fight the British?
Answer:
• because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
• because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
• because they didn’t have self-government
61. 殖民地居民为什么要反抗英国人?
因为高税收(纳税却没有代表权)
因为英国士兵老是驻在他们家里
因为他们没有自治权

Explanation:
  When people first began living in the British colonies (or areas of land that belonged to Great Britain but that were far away), they still thought of themselves as British citizens. But over time, something changed. They began to rebel against (or stop obeying) the British government because they thought that they were being treated unfairly. The people had created a new identity (or the way that they saw and understood themselves) and were becoming Americans. They began to fight against the British for three main (or most important) reasons: high taxes, quartering, and the lack of self-government. Let’s look at each of these three reasons.
  人们刚开始在英国殖民地生活的时候,他们仍以英国人自居。但随着时间的推移,很多事情在慢慢改变。他们开始反抗英国政府对他们不公正对待。于是他们为自己创建了一个新的身份:美国人。他们对抗英国的原因有三:高税收,随意驻扎(私闯民宅),没有自治权。来我们来仔细分析下。
  The new Americans were unhappy with the high taxes (or money paid to the government) that were imposed (or forced on them) by the British government. It was taxation without representation, meaning that Americans were supposed to pay money to the British government even though they had no representation or ability to give their opinion in that government. This made the new Americans very angry.
  新美国人对英国政府施加在他们身上的高税收十分不满。况且纳了税还没有代表权,意思就是尽管他们在政府决策中没有发言权,但却还要交税。这点让这些美国人感到愤怒。
  Americans were also angry about the way that the British army treated them. British soldiers (or people who work in the army) were often quartered (or allowed to live, eat, and sleep in a place for a short period of time) in American homes without the permission (or approval) of the person who owned the home. Often these soldiers behaved very badly while they were in the home. This is the second reason why the new Americans decided to begin fighting against the British.
  美国人同时也对英国军队的行为十分不满。这些英国士兵经常未经允许闯进主人家里,大吃大喝,还住了下来,并且言行举止十分恶劣。这是美国人反抗英国的第二个原因。
  The third reason that Americans fought against the British was because they lacked (or didn’t have) self-government, which was the ability to create and run their own government. The land that would become the United States was far away from Great Britain, yet all the government decisions were being made in Great Britain. The new Americans longed (or strongly wanted) to make their own decisions, but the British wouldn’t let them.
  美国人反抗英国人的第三个原因就是他们没有自治权,没有自主建立及管理政府的权力。将要成为美利坚合众国的地方,却还要通过远在另一端的英国来做决策,美国人很不满,想要自治,英国不许。
  So Americans fought against the British, and this fighting became known as the American Revolution, or the war that ended when the United States became its own country, separate from Great Britain.

  因此美国就和英国开展了,也就是著名的美国独立战争,这场战争的结束就意味着美国正式从英国独立,成为一个真正意义上的国家。

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