2014.5.6【英译中】058 殖民地居民来美国的原因?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-09 15:23 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

58. What is one reason colonists came to America?
Answer:
• Freedom
• Political liberty
• Religious freedom
• Economic opportunity
• Practice their religion
• Escape persecution

58. 殖民地居民来美国的原因?

为了自由
政治自由
宗教自由
经济机会
从事宗教活动
躲避迫害


Explanation:
When the New World (or North and South America before many Europeans were living there) was discovered (or learned about for the first time), going there was a big adventure (or an exciting experience in one’s life, especially involving travel). European countries were establishing (or creating) colonies, which are areas of land that are far away but that belong to that country. Some of the colonists (or people who live in colonies) went there because they wanted an adventure, but most of them were fleeing (or running away from) something or seeking (or looking for) new opportunities.
当新大陆刚刚被发现时,去那里犹如一场大冒险。欧洲国家在远离自己国土的地方建立了殖民地。一些殖民地居民因为冒险精神而来到这里,但大部分都是为了追寻新的机遇。
Many of the countries in Europe were oppressive (or very controlling). Some of the people living there could not do all the things they wanted to do. In the countries ruled (or governed) by a king and queen, the people did not have any choice about who their leaders would be. Some of the people who fled Europe were looking for freedom and political liberty so that they could do more of the things they wanted to do and be able to decide what kind of government they wanted to have.
那时候,许多欧洲国家都施行暴政。人民没法随心所欲地生活。在国王和王后统治的世界里,人们没有选择领导者的权利。所以有些人逃离欧洲是为了寻求独立及政治自由,到一个人民可以当家做主的国家。
Other colonists were seeking religious freedom, which is the ability to follow whatever religion they wanted to, or no religion at all. In Europe, many people were persecuted (or treated unfairly) because of their religious beliefs. They thought that by coming to the colonies they would be able to practice their religion (or follow the teachings of a religion) freely, without anyone telling them that they couldn’t do it.另一些殖民地居民是为了追寻宗教自由,自主选择宗教信仰,也可以选择不信教。在当时的欧洲许多人因为自己的宗教信仰而受到迫害。他们认为只要到殖民地,他们就可以自在地从事自己的宗教活动而无人干涉了。

Finally, there were colonists who went to the colonies seeking economic opportunity. In many European countries, there was a class system, which is a way of organizing society so that poor people stay poor and rich people stay rich, and it is difficult or impossible for poor people to become rich. People were frustrated because they had few or no opportunities to make more money or to live a better and more comfortable life. In the colonies, however, people who were willing to work hard had far fewer limitations, which meant that they could make their lives better if they wanted to. So colonists fled Europe and went to the colonies to seek these economic opportunities to improve life for themselves and their families.最后,还有些人来殖民地是为了寻求经济机会。当时的许多欧洲国家,社会等级制度明确,穷人待在穷人阶层,富人待在富人阶层,在那种制度里穷人致富的故事简直是天方夜谭。人民生活压力很大,因为他们几乎没有机会赚更多的钱来改善自己的生活。但是如果是在殖民地限制就少多了,只要是愿意努力工作的人都能过上相对较好的生活。因此这些殖民地居民毅然离开了欧洲来到这里寻求经济机会来改善自己及家人的生活。

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