2014.05.11【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain cells, study suggests(4)

wulianluck (Luckwu) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-05-11 21:44 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

将之前没有翻译完的继续翻译完~~



By the 1920s the idea of a first and second sleep had receded entirely from our social consciousness.

在二十世纪二十年代第一和第二阶段睡眠的观点已经完全从我们的社会意识中淡薄了。


He attributes the initial shift to improvements in street lighting, domestic lighting and a surge in coffee houses - which were sometimes open all night. As the night became a place for legitimate activity and as that activity increased, the length of time people could dedicate to rest dwindled.

他归结于街道路灯、家庭灯光以及咖啡屋的霓虹灯这些最原始的改变,这些地方有些时候整晚都亮着。当夜晚变为正常活动的时间,并且人们将精力放在这些增加的活动上,导致剩下睡眠的时间减少。


In his new book, Evening's Empire, historian Craig Koslofsky puts forward an account of how this happened.

在他的新书《末日帝国》中,历史学家克雷格.克斯洛夫斯基提出这是如何发生的叙述。


"Associations with night before the 17th Century were not good," he says. The night was a place populated by people of disrepute - criminals, prostitutes and drunks.

“在十七世纪之前夜间会让人联想不好的事情。”他说。名声不好的人经常会在夜间活动,例如罪犯、妓女和酒鬼。


"Even the wealthy, who could afford candlelight, had better things to spend their money on. There was no prestige or social value associated with staying up all night."

实际上富人能负担起烛光,有更重要的事情值得他们去花费他们的金钱。通宵不睡与威望和社会价值没有任何关系。


That changed in the wake of the Reformation and the counter-Reformation. Protestants and Catholics became accustomed to holding secret services at night, during periods of persecution. If earlier the night had belonged to reprobates, now respectable people became accustomed to exploiting the hours of darkness.

这些随着宗教改革和反宗教改革发生了变化。在受迫害时期,新教徒和天主教徒习惯于夜间举行秘密行动。如果早期夜间已经属于恶棍,现在受尊敬的人也变得习惯于利用黑暗时光。


2014.04.05【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain cel(3)


2013.03.24【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain c(2)  发现日期写的2013,⊙﹏⊙b汗

2014.03.24【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain cel(1)


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最后编辑于:2014-05-11 21:46
分类: 英语
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