2014.5.13【英译中】062 谁起草了《独立宣言》?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-13 14:18 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Answer:
(Thomas) Jefferson
62. 谁起草了《独立宣言》?
托马斯·杰弗逊

Explanation:
  There is a funny story that shows how many Americans think of Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States. One day, President John F. Kennedy (our thirty-fifth president) was in the White House, which is the building where the U.S. president lives. He was there with 49 Nobel Prize winners. (The Nobel Prize is an award given to people who have done very important work in different fields all over the world.) President Kennedy said that this was the greatest group of human knowledge and talent that had ever been together in the White House, except when Thomas Jefferson ate there alone. This was his funny way of saying that Thomas Jefferson was a great man in American history who was good at many things, much more than other people, even a group of some of the world’s smartest people!
  这里有一个关于托马斯·杰弗逊的故事,能很直观地提现人们是如何看待这位美国第三任总统的。一天,约翰·肯尼迪总统在总统府——白宫接见49名诺贝尔奖获得者。肯尼迪总统调侃道,撇开当年杰斐逊独自在这里吃饭的时候不计,今晚的白宫简直是集人类智慧及才情之大成。他以这种幽默的方式来表达对这位天才总统的赞赏,杰弗逊总统的智慧,即使在一群诺贝尔奖获得者中,也毫不逊色。
  Thomas Jefferson is famous for many things. He was the second vice-president and the third president of the United States, but he is even better known for having written the Declaration of Independence, or the letter that was written to let Great Britain know that its colonies had become the United States, an independent country. Thomas Jefferson was one of the most influential Founding Fathers (meaning he was able to affect other people’s opinions) who helped to create the United States. While he was president, he sent two men named Lewis and Clark to explore the western part of North America. He also negotiated (or arranged) the Louisiana Purchase, which allowed the United States to buy a lot of land from France.
  杰弗逊总统精通各个领域。他先后担任了美国第二任副总统和第三任总统,但他更著名的还是起草了《独立宣言》,正式告诉英国,它曾经的殖民地——美国,独立了。托马斯·杰弗逊也是最有影响力的几位开国元勋之一。其任期中之重大事件包括路易斯与克拉克北美探勘(1804–1806)和路易西安那购地案(1803年),从法国那里购置了一大片土地。
  Thomas Jefferson was born in 1743 and was a Renaissance man, which means he was a man who has a lot of different types of knowledge and knows how to do many different things. He was a gardener, a politician, an author, an architect (or someone who designed buildings), and an inventor (or a person who makes new things that no one else had thought of before). He was the founder of (or the person who started) the University of Virginia.
  托马斯·杰弗逊出生在1743年,文艺复兴式的人,博学多才。他精通园艺,同时也是 政治家、建筑家、发明家,也是弗吉尼亚大学的创始人。
  Thomas Jefferson built a home called Monticello in Virginia. It is still there today, and many people go to visit it and learn more about this great man. At Monticello, people can see his architectural designs and many of his inventions, like automatic doors (or doors that open without being touched) and the swivel chair (or a chair that turns in circles while a person is sitting on it).

  在弗吉尼亚,有一座杰斐逊亲自设计建造的庄园——蒙蒂塞洛。至今仍有大量游客前往瞻仰这位伟人的风采,成为美国人的精神圣地。在蒙蒂塞洛,人们可以亲眼目睹他的建筑设计和许多发明,包括自动门和旋转椅。

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