2014.05.14【英译中】操控无人机,人才正紧俏

hippo1120 (河马) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-14 15:07 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Next year around this time, we may be talking about an explosion of interest by employers for recent college grads who know how to operate drones. That’s right – the same way that we currently hear about the IT skills gap in hot areas such as mobile and the cloud and big data – we may be hearing about the need for IT workers with skills and experience related to drone technology.

明年的这个时候,我们可能就会在讨论雇主们对能操控无人机的大学毕业生非常感兴趣。对,正如我们现在所听说的IT技术人才的缺失,如手机,云端及大数据等热门领域,有可能会演变成为对有无人机技术工作者有需求。

One key factor is the relentless growth of new business opportunities for drones.It is almost a certainty that the ability to build, pilot and monitor these drones is going to be hugely important once commercial drones get the go-ahead from the FAA. Sure, there are the high-profile business cases – such as the Amazon retail delivery drones or the Domino’s pizza delivery drones– but there are also everyday use cases that extend from filmmaking and aerial photography to fields such as real estate, farming and pipeline maintenance.  Journalists want to work with them. As do meteorologists. And, yes, the Pentagon is definitely interested in the future of drones, too.

一个主要原因是有关于无人机源源不断的商机。一旦美国联邦航空管理局认可了商用无人机,那么能够制造、驾驶以及操控无人机就会变得尤为重要,这将是一种必然趋势。当然,确实有如亚马逊的无人机投递和多米诺批萨的无人机快递这样的高收益商业案例。但是无人机同样在日常生活中所需要,从电影拍摄,航拍机到房地产,务农和管道护理。记者和气象学家也都想要和无人机协同工作。还有,五角大楼必然也对无人机的未来有着浓厚的兴趣。

  According to a 2013 report from the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International, FAA approval of commercial drones could lead to the creation of 70,000 new U.S. jobs within the next three years, and 100,000 new U.S. jobs by the year 2025. Many of these early jobs, most likely, will be involved in integrating commercial drones into commercial airspace. At any time, there are thousands of commercial aircraft airborne in U.S. airspace, and it’s possible that there will be just as many drones within a few short years. Some predict drones to become an $80 billion business opportunity by 2025.  

国际无人机系统协会2013年的一份报告预测,如果美国联邦航空管理局同意生产商用无人机,这将会在未来三年内为7万美国人提供新工作,截止至2025年,将会为美国新增10万个工作机会。有人预测到2025年无人机将会带来价值800亿美元的商机。

Already, we’re starting to see the first testing of commercial drones at FAA test sites in places such as New York, North Dakota, Alaska, Nevada, Texas and Virginia. The goal of these new FAA sites is to test out drones in a variety of climates, environments and use cases. The drones in New York, for example, are meant to test out ways to integrate commercial drones into congested Northeastern air space. (So that we avoid incidents like this) And the drones in North Dakota are going to be used to test out approaches related to farming management and agriculture research.

我们已经开始见到第一批商用无人机正在美国联邦航空管理局试验基地进行测试,这些基地分布在纽约,北达科他,阿拉斯加,内华达,得克萨斯和弗吉尼亚。这些试验基地的目的是为了检验无人机在各种气候,不同环境及各类用途下的表现。例如,在纽约接受测试的无人机就是为了检验商用无人机是否能融入繁忙的东北空域。(这样我们就可以避免这样的事件发生。)在北达科他接受测试的无人机则是为了检验无人机在农用及农业研究方面的表现。

 To keep up with this projected demand for drone skills, there is now a growing number of official programs and academic opportunities for drone operators. Once companies start hiring, they’re probably going to pass on recent engineering grads with a theoretical knowledge of machine propulsion or navigation systems, in favor of candidates with hands-on experience who know how to get a drone airborne from a dead start, and maneuver it around for photos. When Amazon starts hiring drone operators, for example, it probably won’t want to build a drone-training program from scratch.

为了应对拥有无人机技能的人才需求,官方为无人机操作师提供了越来越多的项目,大学也为这些人提供更多的机会。一旦公司开始招人,他们除了需要培训工科毕业生关于机械推动力和导航系统的理论知识,更偏爱已经有相关工作经验的人,能直接操控无人机空运和拍照。举个例子,当亚马逊开始招募无人机操作师,它可能并不想从零开始组建无人机培训项目。

 Which might explain why we’re starting to see some very innovative types of academic programs for the drone technology experts of tomorrow. It’s the basic law of supply and demand at work. The Unmanned Vehicle University in Phoenix, for example, can set you up with a variety of career options — piloting a drone, becoming an aerial drone photographer, or starting a career as a UAV systems engineer. The Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University offers a bachelor’s degree in Unmanned Aircraft Systems Science. The University of North Dakota offers a four-year program for future Unmanned Aerial Vehicles pilots, while Kansas State offers an undergraduate degree in Unmanned Aircraft Studies.

这也说明了为什么我们现在需要去关注这些大学里关于无人机科技的创新项目,它们都有可能成为明日之星。例如费城的一所无人机大学,它可以提供你多种就业机会,驾驶无人机,成为一名航拍师,或者成为一名无人机系统工程师。安柏瑞德航空航天大学提供无人机系统科学的本科学位。北达科他大学进行的为期四年项目便是为无人机培养驾驶员,与此同时,卡萨斯州也为无人机研究人员提供大学毕业证。

What’s interesting is how all this might change the employment landscape for technology. Most of the big technology employment hubs — places such as New York and Boston — thrive on urban density. Entrepreneurs like to cluster together. With drone technology, it’s the opposite. Most of the big drone-testing sites are in out-of-the-way locations: North Dakota not New York. Even the test site in New York stateis located far from Manhattan or Brooklyn, meaning that Brooklyn hipsters are about to be replaced by upstate rural residents as the arbiters of tech cool.

有趣的是,这些可能会改变科技人才市场的前景。就像纽约和波士顿,一直是大型科技公司的聚集地,企业家们都喜欢扎堆。但对于无人机科技来说,却正相反。大部分的无人机测试基地都在偏远的地方,是在北达科他而不是纽约。即使是纽约州的测试基地,也远离了曼哈顿和布鲁克林,这意味着远离城市的乡下人将取代布鲁克林人成为科技的新宠。

Of course, all this sounds a bit fantastical. North Dakota hopes to eventually become the new Silicon Valley? Really? And there are obviously a lot of safety factors to keep in mind before commercial drones hit the mainstream. Yet, the next time you hear your neighbor talking about buying a Parrot Bebop quadcopter and Oculus Rift VR headset, don’t be so quick to dismiss him or her. Getting an early jump on these consumer drone technologies may be the secret to a six-figure job offer later, even if it means moving to a place like Kansas or North Dakota. The same way that tech companies now complain about a lack of talent in areas such as mobile or big data, they may be talking about a drone talent gap within a few years. 

当然,这些听起来还有点异想天开。北达科他有望成为下一个硅谷么?真的么?在商用无人机成为主流之前,我们明显还有很多的安全因素需要考虑。也许,下次当你听到你的邻居在讨论买一架派诺特的Bebop航拍机和Oculus Rift 虚拟耳机时,请不要迅速的反驳他。早早的参与到无人机技术中可能是以后拿到6位数工资的秘诀,即使这可能意味着搬到堪萨斯或者北达科他。同样有可能的是,现在还在抱怨缺少做手机和大数据人才的那些公司,可能在不远的将来就要改成抱怨无人机的人才缺口。
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