2014.05.17【英译中】美食探寻记:牛奶的替代品(一)

hippo1120 (河马) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-17 19:09 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

What To Eat Now: alternatives to cow's milk

Soy, rice, almond or coconut? This week our expert resident nutritionist Ian Marber walks us through the calorie, fat and health highs and lows of cow's milk alternatives.
大豆,大米,杏仁还是椰子?本周我们的驻站营养专家伊安.马博将带我们探讨这些牛奶替代品的卡路里,脂肪还有健康程度
There are several reasons why someone might choose to limit cow's milk, ranging from lactose intolerance to personal preference. Happily there are many non-animal alternatives, not just found in health food stores, as choices such as soy, rice almond and coconut milk are increasingly widely available.
不管是从乳糖不耐受还是到个人喜好来说,总有一些林林总总的原因让人不会选择牛奶。幸运的是,除了可以在健康食品超市找到的非动物性替代品以外,我们也有了越来越多的选择,例如:豆奶,米浆,杏仁奶和椰奶。
Whatever the primary ingredient, the milks are created by similar methods. For example, nut milks are made by soaking raw skinned nuts in water for five hours or more (overnight is ideal). The nuts are then drained, blended with fresh water and strained resulting in what is effectively looks like white water. You can add your own flavourings, such as vanilla, cinnamon or even matcha powder but I like the plain stuff.
不管最基本的原料是什么,奶制品的制作方式都是相同的。举个例子,坚果奶是这样制作的,将生的带皮的坚果浸入水中五小时及以上(过夜浸泡尤佳),在坚果吸干水分后,加入水进行搅拌,过滤后看起来就像白色的水。之后你就可以加入像香草,肉桂甚至是抹茶粉这些你喜欢的口味,但是我更偏爱原味。
When you buy them in a carton they are generally plain but some brands fortify their blend with nutrients, often to mimic those in cow's milk, such as calcium and vitamin D. Various sugars are sometimes added too so you might want to watch for those. Annoyingly, some of the better-known coffee chains offer soy milk, but it's often sweetened with apple juice. I don't know if you have ever tried adding apple juice to coffee but it's quite horrible and best avoided.
一般来说,你买来的桶装的奶制品都是原味的,但是有些牌子为了复制牛奶的营养成分,会在这些奶制品中加入一些钙和维他命D等营养素。有时候一些奶制品还会加糖,所以在选购的时候请注意。令人恼火的是,一些名牌咖啡连锁店也会有豆奶卖,但是却在豆奶中加入苹果汁以提高甜度。不知道你是不是曾经也尝试过加了苹果汁的咖啡,但是我觉得味道实在太可怕了,最好敬而远之。

度娘时间:
乳糖不耐受是指一部分人因体内缺乏乳糖酶,不能很好地吸收乳糖,甚至在食用乳糖后出现腹胀、腹痛、恶心等症状的现象。乳糖不耐受在黑人以及黄种人群体里面非常普遍。绝大部分的人在婴儿时期都是可以吸收乳糖的,但是断奶之后就可能会出现乳糖不耐受,随着年龄的增长,比例增加。乳糖不耐受的程度因人而异,也可以通过一定的治疗或训练而改变。Big Bang Theory中的 Leonard就是有这个症状。


最后编辑于:2014-05-17 19:12
分类: 英语
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