2014.05.18【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain cells, study suggests(6)

wulianluck (Luckwu) 译坛新秀
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发表于:2014-05-18 22:33 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

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"People were becoming increasingly time-conscious and sensitive to efficiency, certainly before the 19th Century," says Roger Ekirch. "But the industrial revolution intensified that attitude by leaps and bounds."

人们将清醒的时间增加并且对效率变得敏感(不太懂这句的意思,当然这是在19世纪以前,”罗杰.艾克奇说。“但是工业革命使得这种行为愈演愈烈。”


Strong evidence of this shifting attitude is contained in a medical journal from 1829 which urged parents to force their children out of a pattern of first and second sleep.

从1829年,这种态度的转变的强有力证据被刊登在了医学周刊上,里面叮嘱父母强制他们的孩子脱离第一和第二阶段睡眠的这种形式。


"If no disease or accident there intervenes, they will need no further repose than that obtained in their first sleep, which custom will have caused to terminate by itself just at the usual hour.

如果没有疾病和意外干扰的情况下,他们只需要通过休息得到他们第一阶段睡眠,在通常的时间里,这种习惯将会引起自身终止睡眠。

 

"And then, if they turn upon their ear to take a second nap, they will be taught to look upon it as an intemperance not at all redounding to their credit."

“于是,如果他们支起他们的耳朵来打片刻盹,他们会被认为无节制,根本无助于他们的信誉(和这个有什么关系呢。。)。”


Today, most people seem to have adapted quite well to the eight-hour sleep, but Ekirch believes many sleeping problems may have roots in the human body's natural preference for segmented sleep as well as the ubiquity of artificial light.

如今,大多数人看起来已经很好的适应了8小时睡眠,但是艾克奇认为很多的睡眠问题可能根源于人体不仅自然偏爱分段式睡眠而且无处不在的人造灯光。


This could be the root of a condition called sleep maintenance insomnia, where people wake during the night and have trouble getting back to sleep, he suggests.

这可能是被称为睡眠维持性失眠的根源,这种状态下人们在夜间清醒并且暗示进入睡眠有困难。


The condition first appears in literature at the end of the 19th Century, at the same time as accounts of segmented sleep disappear.

这种状态第一次出现在19世纪末期的文学作品中,与此同时,分段式睡眠的记载消失了。


"For most of evolution we slept a certain way," says sleep psychologist Gregg Jacobs. "Waking up during the night is part of normal human physiology."

“对于大多数的演变,我们的睡眠形成一种特定的方式,”睡眠心理学家格雷格.雅各布斯说。“夜间醒来是人类正常生理需求的一部分。


2014.05.15【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain cells(5)

2014.05.11【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain ce (4 )

2014.04.05【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain cel(3)

2013.03.24【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain c(2)  发现日期写的2013,⊙﹏⊙b汗

2014.03.24【英译中】Lost sleep leads to loss of brain cel(1)



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最后编辑于:2014-05-18 22:33
分类: 英语
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