2014.05.19【英译中】意想不到的后果

Janice1228 (nawa1228) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-19 15:47 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Unintended consequences

意想不到的后果

Despite indications of undesirable consequences of intensive groundwater production such as land subsidence and seawater intrusion, the first half of the twentieth century witnessed enormous growth in groundwater development for municipal, irrigation and industrial purposes. Impressive strides were made in groundwater exploration, drilling methods, well construction techniques and the mathematical theory of aquifer hydraulics. Until the 1960s, groundwater hydrologists were mostly concerned with exploring and developing hitherto undeveloped sources of groundwater and efficiently extracting the resource.

尽管大强度的地下水生产带来了一些不良后果,比如:地面沉降以及海水入侵。但是 20 世纪上半叶人们仍见证了地下水的蓬勃发展,尤其在市政,灌溉以及工业用途方面。地下水勘探,钻井方法,井施工技术以及含水层水力学数学理论方面取得的进步更是有目共睹。直到 20 世纪 60 年代,地下水水文学工作者最担心的是迄今为止地下水未开发资源的开采和开发,以及如何有效地提取资源。

 

The publication of the book Silent Spring by biologist Rachel Carson in 1962 launched a vigorous environmental movement in the United States, drawing attention to adverse impacts of toxic pesticides on wildlife habitat. Soon, groundwater became an integral part of this environmental movement because groundwater accounts for over half of the freshwater needs of the United States. Inevitably, attention of groundwater professionals began to shift from production to protection of water quality, conservation and management.

生物学家雷切尔·卡森 1962 年出版的《寂静的春天》一书在美国掀起了一场轰轰烈烈的环保运动,吸引人们开始注意野生动物栖息地使用有毒农药带来的负面影响。很快,地下水成为这场环保运动不可或缺的组成部分,因为地下水关系到美国超过一半的淡水需求。不可避免,地下水方面专业人士的注意力从地下水的生产转移到了水质的保护,储藏和管理。

 

For convenience, adverse impacts of groundwater development may be divided into two categories: depletion or degradation of the groundwater resource, and environmental or ecological consequences.

为了方便起见,地下水开发的负面影响已经分为两大类:地下水资源的损耗和降解地下水资源的枯竭和水质恶化,以及环境或生态后果。

最后编辑于:2014-05-23 15:19
分类: 英语
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