2014.05.20【英译中】全麦面包可降低患糖尿病的风险

Janice1228 (nawa1228) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-20 15:11 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Wholegrain bread reduces risk of diabetes

全麦面包可降低患糖尿病的风险

 

A recent doctoral research conducted at the University of Eastern Finland showed that the wholegrain rye and wheat bread effectively reduces risk of type 2 diabetes.

东芬兰大学最近开展的一项博士研究论文表明,全麦黑面包和全麦白面包均可有效降低患 2 型糖尿病的风险。

 

Natural grain fiber complex including indigestible carbohydrates and bioactive compounds may have synergetic characteristics, which are different from the features of isolated fiber fractions. Wholegrain wheat and rye bread are a good source of dietary fiber.

天然谷物复合纤维所含有的不消化性碳水化合物和活性化合物可能有协同作用的特点,这与孤立的纤维组分不同。全麦白面包和全麦黑面包都是很好的膳食纤维资源。

 

The study indicated that intake of rye bread and sourdough fermented wholegrain wheat bread results in lower postprandial blood glucose and insulin responses, compared to the intake of white wheat bread in both healthy subjects and those with metabolic syndrome.

研究显示,对比摄入白面面包带来的餐后血糖和胰岛素以及其它新陈代谢综合症的反应,黑面包和发酵全麦白面包的摄入会带来降低的餐后血糖和胰岛素反应。

 

Metabolic syndrome is a set of symptoms of metabolic disorders, which are risk factors of atherosclerosis and adult diabetes.

新陈代谢综合症是代谢紊乱的一系列症状,是会导致动脉硬化和成人型糖尿病的危险因素。

 

Previous studies have observed that intake of whole grain products reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes. However, it is still unclear what is the mechanism that reduces the risk.

既往的研究已经注意到全麦产品的摄入可降低患 2 型糖尿病的风险。然而,可降低这种风险的原理仍然未知。

 

Jenni Lappi, author of the dissertation, said that it is through intestinal tract that natural grain fiber complex contained in wholegrain bread exert impacts on glucose metabolism in both healthy subjects and subjects with the metabolic syndrome.

本篇博士论文的作者 Jenni Lappi 指出,全麦面包含有的天然谷物复合纤维是通过肠道在餐后血糖和胰岛素反应以及其他相关新陈代谢综合症方面发挥对葡萄糖代谢的影响。

 

She explained that the intestinal microbial composition, short chain fatty acids produced by grain fiber fermenting in intestinal tract and metabolites of phenolic acids contained in grain fiber, are all involved in glucose metabolism.

Jenni Lappi 解释,肠道内发酵的谷物纤维所生产的短链脂肪酸,肠道微生物合成物以及谷物纤维内含有的酚酸代谢物都涉及到葡萄糖代谢。

 

Lappi, therefore, suggested that rye bread and sourdough fermented wholegrain wheat bread are good choices in preventing type 2 diabetes.

因此,Lappi 建议黑面包和发酵的全麦白面包都是用来预防 2 型糖尿病的好选择。

 

The significance of wholegrain cereals is also highlighted in the newly published Finnish Nutrition Recommendations 2014 by the National Nutrition Council of Finland.

芬兰国家营养委员会 (National Nutrition Council of Finland)新发布的《2014 芬兰营养建议》(Finnish Nutrition Recommendations)中对全麦谷物的重要性也做了强调。


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2014.05.19【英译中】意想不到的后果

最后编辑于:2014-10-29 21:20
分类: 英语
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