2014.5.20 【英译中】066 《宪法》是什么时候开始写的?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-20 16:36 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
66. When was the Constitution written?
Answer:
1787
66. 《宪法》是什么时候开始写的?
1787年

Explanation:
  Have you ever worked hard to write a long report or essay and then waited anxiously (or with a lot of worry and stress) to find out whether the teacher would like it? The men who wrote the Constitution (or the country’s most important legal document) must have felt the same way. They worked very hard between May and September of 1787. When they finished, they had a long document that they were very proud of (or that they felt very pleased with), but the Constitution hadn’t yet become a law. First, it would have to be ratified (or approved) by the states.
  你曾有过一边撰写长长的报告或论文,一边怀着忐忑不安地担心老师会不喜欢吗?那些写《宪法》的人一定深有感触。他们从1787年的5月写到9月。当写完的那一刻,一种自豪感油然而生,但那时候还不能成为法律。首先得通过各州的认可。
  Only nine of the states needed to ratify the Constitution, but getting all 13 states to ratify it would be important for helping the country to feel unified (or as one whole country made up of many parts). At first, it didn’t look like enough states would ratify it. There was bitter (or very strong and negative) disagreement about them Constitution.
  其实只需要九个州的批准就可以了,但是如果十三个州都批准的话就更能体现国家的统一。首先,看上去好像并没有那么多州认可这部《宪法》,当时存在着很大的争议。
  One group of people who were called “Federalists” thought that there were many problems with the Articles of Confederation, which was the legal document that the 13 states had been following. The Federalists believed that adopting the Constitution was the only way to fix the problems that the country was having. The Federalists thought that only the Constitution would be able to help the new country keep its independence (or freedom) from Britain.
  “联邦党拥护者”认为目前13个州都在遵循的现行《联邦条例》存在很多问题。起草新的《宪法》是解决国家现有问题的唯一出路。联邦党人认为只有《宪法》可以使美国真正从英国独立。
  Another large group of people known as the “Antifederalists” thought that the Constitution would destroy (or ruin) everything good about America. They thought that the Constitution would centralize the government too much (or make the national government too powerful, with little or no power for the states).
  另一派“反联邦主义者”认为《宪法》会摧毁美国,过于中央集权。
  The Federalists and Antifederalists argued with each other for a long time, but eventually (or after a long time) the Constitution was ratified. The first five states ratified it very quickly, between December 1787 and January 1788. The other states took much longer, and the state of Rhode Island didn’t ratify the Constitution until May of 1790. But when all 13 states had finally ratified the Constitution, the whole United States was behind (or supported) the new government.
  联邦党拥护者和反联邦主义者争论了很长一段时间,但最终《宪法》还是通过了。前五个州在1787年12月到1788年1月间很快就批准通过了,其他州时间要稍微长点,罗得岛直到1790年才通过了《宪法》。但当所有13个州都最终批准了《宪法》后,新政府也就得到了整个美国的支持。

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最后编辑于:2014-10-29 18:43
分类: 英语
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