2014.5.16 【英译中】064 列举美国最初的十三个州名?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-20 16:52 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
64. There were 13 original states. Name three.
Answer:
• New Hampshire
• Massachusetts
• Rhode Island
• Connecticut
• New York
• New Jersey
• Pennsylvania
• Delaware
• Maryland
• Virginia
• North Carolina
• South Carolina
• Georgia
64. 列举美国最初的十三个州名?
新罕布什尔州
马萨诸塞州
罗得岛
康乃迪克州
纽约州
新泽西州
宾夕法尼亚州
特拉华州
马里兰
弗吉尼亚州
北卡罗兰纳州
南卡洛兰纳州
乔治亚州


Explanation:
  Once Europeans arrived to North America, they began to fill up the land very quickly. Many Europeans moved to the land that would later become the United States. European countries like Britain, France, and Spain created colonies (or areas of land that belong to a country but are far away). Britain had 13 colonies, and those colonies later became the original 13 states of the United States.
  当欧洲人刚抵达北美洲时,他们开始迅速扩张领地。很多他们当时的殖民地后来都变成了美国国土,像英国、法国、西班牙这些国家当时都有殖民地。英国有十三个殖民地,也就是后来组成美利坚合众国的最初十三个州。
  The 13 colonies can be divided into four groups: the Southern Colonies, the Chesapeake Bay Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and New England. The Southern Colonies were Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. These colonies had very good weather for farming and were mostly used for growing cotton and tobacco (or a plant that is smoked in cigarettes). There was a lot of work to do on the plantations (or large farms), so the Southern Colonies had many slaves (or people who were owned as property and forced to work without being paid).
  这十三个州可以被分成四部分:南部殖民地、切萨皮克海湾殖民地、中部殖民地以及新英格兰。南部殖民地包括乔治亚州、北卡罗兰纳州和南卡洛兰纳州。这些殖民地的气候条件有利于耕种,特别适合种植棉花和烟草。因此,种植园就需要大量奴隶来劳作。

  A little further north were the Chesapeake Bay Colonies of Maryland and Virginia. A bay is a large area of water that is mostly surrounded by land. The city of Jamestown in Virginia is famous for being the first permanent English settlement (or a place where people begin living) in America. It was founded (or created) in 1607. Many of the people who lived there died from hunger, cold, and attacks by the Native Americans, but Jamestown survived (or continued to exist), and today people can visit Jamestown to learn about its history.

  再向北一点就是切萨皮克海湾殖民地,包括马里兰州和弗吉尼亚州。海湾就是三面都是陆地的一片海洋。詹姆斯敦作为北美洲第一个英国永久殖民地而闻名于世。于1607年建成,当时有许多人都死于饥荒、伤寒及土著的攻。但詹姆斯敦幸存了下来,如今来瞻仰其历史的游客络绎不绝。

  The Middle Colonies, which used to be called New Netherlands, were Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. The people living in these colonies had many different religions and had a lot of tolerance, which meant that they had the ability to live with other people who were very different from themselves. This was very different from the situation in Europe.

  中部殖民地,以前叫新荷兰,包括特拉华州、新泽西州、纽约州和宾夕法尼亚州。这些殖民地上的居民信仰繁多,并且包容力强,这意味着他们可以和许多大相径庭的人和平共处,这和欧洲当时的环境是大不相同的。

  The last four colonies, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island, made up New England. We still call the northeastern part of the United States “New England.” These were some of the first colonies that wanted independence from Britain. They were also the first colonies to make their own coins (or money made from small, round, flat pieces of metal).

  最后一个也是第四个殖民地,包括康乃迪克州、马萨诸塞州、新汉普郡州和罗得岛,共同组成新英格兰。如今我们仍然把美国东北部称为“新英格兰”。这是最早一批想要从英国独立的殖民地之一。他们也是最早使用自己货币的殖民地。

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最后编辑于:2014-10-29 18:43
分类: 英语
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