2014.05.21【英译中】Why Does a Dog Chew on His Tail?(2)

sbdwy (三斑菌)
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发表于:2014-05-21 22:34 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Why does a dog chew on its tail?

为什么狗狗喜欢咬自己的尾巴?

Chronic Pain

In some cases, the issue may be a bit farther from the tail. Some dogs suffering from hip pain or some other skeletal or spinal abnormality may manifest their pain through repeated tail-biting. At times, remaining fibrous tissues after a tail-docking procedure may lead to nerve pain and inflammation. If you suspect chronic pain, an X-ray may prove helpful for diagnostic purposes.

慢性疼痛

在某些情况下,狗狗咬尾巴的原因可能离尾巴比较远。一些狗狗会将髋骨、其他骨骼或脊柱异常所带来的疼痛感通过咬尾巴表现出来。另外,断尾后遗留的纤维组织可能导致神经痛以及炎症。如果你怀疑狗狗咬尾巴是由慢性疼痛造成的,那么带它去照X光片也许会有帮助。

Behavioral Problems

Don't be surprised to find the saying "an idle mind is the devil's playground" suits the canine world as well. If you leave Rover at home for most of the day, he may have no way to release pent-up energy due to lack of exercise and mental stimulation. In such a case, a tail may suddenly become an intriguing entertainment piece. Frustration, boredom, stress and anxiety are other emotions that may lead to tail-biting and possibly even flourish into an obsessive disorder.

行为问题

不要太惊讶哦,对狗狗来说,“无事生非”这个词也同样适用于它们。如果你大部分时间都把狗狗关在家中,它们可能会因为缺乏运动以及新鲜事物的刺激而无从释放身体里蕴藏的能量。在这样的情况下,尾巴可能会突然成为一个十分有趣的消遣对象。另外,沮丧、无聊、压力、以及焦虑等其他情绪也可能会引起该行为,严重的情况下,甚至会成为一种强迫性的行为障碍。

Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement occurs when a consequence increases the frequency of a behavior or maintains its frequency. If your dog is generally drawn by attention, he may appreciate any type of attention either negative or positive. Laughing, making eye contact or scolding your dog when he engages in the biting-tail behavior may fuel the behavior, causing it to increase in frequency.

心理上的正强化

当某些后果增加或维持了相应行为的发生频率,那么这种后果就起到了心理上的正强化作用。如果你家狗狗平时都受到周围的关注,那么不管是负面还是积极的关注,它都乐于接受。当狗狗在咬尾巴的时候,你或周围人的行为,比如大笑、盯着狗狗或是训斥它,都会成为一种正强化,增加咬尾巴行为的频率。

Playful Behavior

Puppies perceive the world around them as a big playground full of entertaining stimuli. Your puppy may be drawn to a leaf blown by the wind, your loose shoelaces or the erratic movement of a butterfly. In the same way, your puppy may find his tail amusing and may think of it as a toy. When he catches this elusive appendage, he may even try to nibble on it. Usually, puppies will outgrow this behavior as they learn more about their tails and move on to more intriguing games.

玩耍行为

小狗们把这个世界当成了一个充满有趣事物的巨大游乐场。乘风而去的落叶、松散的鞋带、翩翩飞舞的蝴蝶,这些都可能吸引狗狗的注意力。同样的,狗狗可能会觉得自己的尾巴是一个有趣的玩具。当他抓住了自己这个难以捉摸的附属物时,甚至还会试着轻咬看看。通常情况下,当狗狗对自己的尾巴有了一定了解后,就不再继续咬尾巴,继而将自己的注意力转移到更加有趣的游戏中。


这里就是全部真相了啊客官!没有了啊客官!不要咬俺尾巴,俺早就戒掉啦~~~~~~~~~


往期链接:

2014.05.19【英译中】Why Does a Dog Chew on His Tail?(1)




最后编辑于:2014-05-25 12:12
分类: 英语
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