2014.5.22 【英译中】067 《联邦党人文集》是用来支持美国《宪法》的,请列举他们的作

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-22 14:06 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
Answer:
• (James) Madison
• (Alexander) Hamilton
• (John) Jay
• Publius
67. 《联邦党人文集》是用来支持美国《宪法》的,请列举他们的作者。
詹姆斯·麦迪逊
亚历山大·汉密尔顿
约翰·杰伊
普布利乌斯


Explanation:
  After the Constitution was written, it still had to be ratified (or approved) by the states. This meant that the people in each state had to vote in favor of (or for) the Constitution. The Federalists were a large group of people who supported the Constitution. The Antifederalists were a large group of people who did not like the Constitution. These two groups tried to influence (or affect) people’s opinions, trying to get them to vote for or against the Constitution.
  《宪法》写完后还要经过各州批准方能生效。这就需要每个州的选民投票支持了。联邦党拥护者就是一群支持《宪法》的人,反联邦主义者则是反对《宪法》的。这两个组织都想要影响民众的投票意愿。
  One of the main ways that these groups tried to influence public opinion (or the way that most people think about something) was by writing essays (or short written documents or articles) and publishing them in newspapers. The Federalists wrote some very well-known essays called the Federalist Papers. These were 85 essays that were published (or printed) with the pseudonym (or the fake name that a writer or a group of writers use) of Publius.
  这两个组织影响民意的手段就是在报纸上发表文章。联邦主义者留下了著名的《联邦党人文集》,共收录了85篇以普布利乌斯为笔名的文章。
  Actually, Publius was a pseudonym for three people: James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay. James Madison became the fourth U.S. president and he is often called the father (or creator) of the Constitution. Alexander Hamilton was the United States’ first secretary of the treasury, which is the part of the government that handles the country’s money. And John Jay was the country’s first chief justice, which is the most important judge in the United States. All three men strongly believed that the Constitution would be able to solve (or fix) the country’s problems.
  事实上,普布利乌斯是詹姆斯·麦迪逊、亚历山大·哈密尔顿、约翰·杰伊三个人的笔名。詹姆斯·麦迪逊被后人称为美国“宪法之父”,并且担任了第四任美国总统;亚历山大·哈密尔顿则成为了美国首任财政部长,手握整个美国的经济大权;约翰·杰伊是美国首任联邦最高法院首席大法官。这三个人一致认为《宪法》可以解决美国当时出现的问题。
  The Federalist Papers are powerful (or strong) essays that describe the Constitution in detail (or with a lot of information). The essays also present (or show) many reasons why people should vote to ratify the Constitution. Today many people still refer to (or look at) the Federalist Papers when they need to interpret the Constitution (or to understand what it means). That is because the people who wrote the Federalist Papers participated in the Constitutional Convention (or the meeting where the Constitution was written), so they had an intimate (or very close) knowledge of why the Constitution was written the way that it was.

  《联邦党人文集》对美国《宪法》进行了有力地剖析和阐述,同时列举了许多人们应当投票给《宪法》的理由。现今仍有许多人在研究《宪法》时喜欢查阅《联邦党人文集》。这是因为写这套文集的人都参与了宪法大会,因此他们对宪法的制定过程及原理都十分清楚。


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最后编辑于:2014-10-29 18:43
分类: 英语
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