共同探讨长句翻译方法

发表于:2014-05-23 17:46 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

注:将本人就@蓝岚happy 2014.05.20【英译汉】A Spy's Duty 节选(三)点评单独开贴

跟大家一起探讨长句的翻译。

我以前上翻译课的老师讲(很抱歉,我忘记我老师的名字了,太原理工大学的)要分析句子结构


原文:

he was only one in whom the lines of form and visage were fine enough not to interfere with the impression made by his strong nature and intense vitality.


结构分析;

he was only one  

 in whom the lines of form and visage were fine enough not to....(定语从句)

with the impression made by his strong nature and intense vitality.(分词短语做定语 等同 which is made by his strong nature and intense vitality

他是唯一一个骨骼分明、线条凸凹有致的男人,而且不影响他给人的印象:体魄强壮和生命力旺盛(是一个肌肉型的猛男)。

 

原文:

Instantly whatever doubt I may have felt concerning the nature of the work about to be proposed to me yielded to the certainty that, however much it might involve of the strange and difficult, the man whose mission it was to seek my aid was one to inspire confidence and respect.

结构分析;

whatever doubt I may have felt(主语从句)concerning the nature of the work about to be proposed to me

(分词做状语,表方式,表原因

the certainty that, however much it might involve of the strange and difficult,(定语从句,修饰certainty

(整个句子的主句the man whose mission it was to seek my aid was one to inspire confidence and respect

其中他含一个定语从句the man whose mission it was to seek my aid,先行词是 the man

瞬间我意识到,不管之前我对这份推荐给我的工作的性质有多少怀疑,有一件事是非常确定的:不管这份工作包含有多少的怪诞与困难,这个按要求向我寻求帮助的男人,是个激发他人信任与尊敬的人。

原文

A man to sway women and also quite capable of moving men (this was evident at a glance); but a man under a cloud just at present — a very heavy cloud which both irked and perplexed him.

结构分析

这是一个并列省略句

He is not a men...but a man....

to sway women and also quite capable of moving men 做定语 ,修饰 前面一个 a man

under a cloud just at present 介词短语做定语,修饰后面一个 a man

a very heavy cloud which both irked and perplexed him. 定语从句 ,先行词为 a very heavy cloud,对破折号前的 cloud 进行补充说明。

一个可以动摇女人并且也足以能打动男人(这很显然)的男人;只是目前他处于困境之中(愁云不展)——一个令他既困惑又苦恼的困境。(他陷入了既困惑又苦恼的困境)。

最后编辑于:2014-10-31 19:08
分类: 爱翻大厅
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