2014.05.23【中译英】揭秘:谁是欠下中国人血债最多的日本元帅?

发表于:2014-05-23 22:50 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

      

       我们因为“九·一八”而记住了石原莞尔;因为卢沟桥而记住了土肥原贤二;因为蒋介石而记住了冈村宁次;因为臭名昭著的“何梅协定”而记住了梅津美治郎。我们每年都在纪念南京大屠杀,谷寿夫和松井石根的名字随时都在被提起。但我们却不合时宜地忘记了俊六,这个在中国派遣军司令位置上呆得最久,欠下中国人血债最多的日本陆军元帅。

       We remember Kanji Ishiwara from Mukden Incident,Kenji Doihara from Marco Polo Bridge Incident,Yasuji Okamura from Chiang Kai-shek and Yoshijiro Umezu from notorious Ho-Umezu Agreement.Hisao Tani and Iwane Matsui are mentioned when we commemorate Nanking Massacre.But we forget Shunroku Hata--Japanese army marshal who was in charged of Chinese expeditionary forces commander--who owed the most debts of blood to Chinese.

      1948年11月12日,日本东京。这一天,远东国际军事法庭正式对第二次世界大战中犯下滔天罪行的日本25名甲级战犯(另3名甲级战犯在审理过程中已死去,故未最后判决)进行最后判决。俊六是这25名甲级战犯中唯一一位挂着日本帝国陆军元帅军衔的高级将领。他坐在被告席的第一排,他的左边是土肥原贤二,右边是广田弘毅。此时他的脸上早已没有骄横之气,只是一脸的苦涩和难堪。

      November 12,1948,Tokyo,Japan.On this day,the International Military Tribunal of the Far East made the final official decision to 25 class A war criminals--3 of them were sentenced because they had been died in the process of trial--who committed a heinous crime during World War II.Shunroku Hata was the only senior army general who hung the ranks of field marshal of Japanese Empire among the 25.He sat in the front row while Kenji Doihara was on the left and Koki Hirota was on the right.At then he was in bitter and embarrassment while having no arrogance.

       俊六认为自己是必死无疑的,原因很简单,他在1937年就以中国派遣军华中方面军总司令身份成为日本侵华战争的得力干将,先后发动了徐州会战和武汉会战。1941年再度以中国派遣军总司令身份回到中国,直至1944年,豫湘桂战役(也即日本所谓大陆交通线战役)即是在他的直接指挥下进行的。全面侵华战争前,他是陆军大将,战争结束时,他已是日本陆军中仅有的三位元帅之一(另两位分别是寺内寿一和杉山元,整个二战期间,日本海陆两军获得元帅称号的只有6人,其中海军的山本五十六和古贺峰一还是死后追授)。俊六的元帅礼服上沾满了中国人的鲜血。

      Shunroku Hata knew he was no doubt of death this time because he launched Battle of Xuzhou and Battle of Wuhan as a commander in chief of Japanese Central China Area Army in 1937.In 1941 he came back to China as commander in chief of Chinese Expeditionary Army and in 1944 he launched Battle of Henan,Hunan,Guangxi,China(Japan's so-called lines of Mainland Communication Campaign).Before the war of aggression against China,he was army general.After the end of the war,he was the only marshal among the three(The other two are respectively Hisaichi Terauchi and Hajime Sugiyama.During the whole World War II,there were only 6 men who got the ranks of marshal in Japanese navy and army.Among them naval Yamamoto Isoroku and Mineichi Koga were after the death of a posthumous.).Shunroku Hata's marshal dress stained with Chinese blood.

       但是远东军事法庭最终只给了俊六一个无期徒刑,不知是不是出于感激,俊六在听到宣判结果后向法官深鞠了一个90度的躬。随后,俊六开始了在巢鸭监狱的4年服刑生涯,1952年8月,他在为美军撰写战史提供了自己的日记后,获准假释回乡探亲。1958年4月,俊六被正式释放出狱。这位曾经煊赫一时的日本帝国陆军元帅就此退出了20世纪的历史舞台,同时也以一种不可思议的方式退出了中国的主流视野。

       But the International Military Tribunal of the Far East made a decision of life imprisonment to him.We did not know was it out of gratitude,Shunroku Hata made a deep 90-degree bow to judge.Then he began sentence in Sugamo Prison for 4 years.In August 1952,he was on parole to return home after providing his diary writing about war history.In April 1958,he released from jail officially.This notorious Japanese Empire Army Marshal was out of the history of 20th century and out of China's mainstream view in an incredible way.

最后编辑于:2014-10-30 10:59
分类: 英语
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