2014.5.24【英译中】069 美国国父是谁?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-24 13:26 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?  
Answer:   
 (George) Washington 
69. 美国国父是谁?
乔治·华盛顿


Explanation:   
  There were many great men among the Founding Fathers (or the people who helped to create the United States), but only one of them is called the “Father of our Country.” His name was George Washington, and although he is best known for having been the first president of the United States, he also did many other things to merit (or deserve) the title of “Father of our Country.” 
  美国历史上存在很多开国元勋,但只有一位被称为“国父”,他就是乔治·华盛顿。尽管一提到他,人们就会想到他是美国第一任总统,但其实他还做过许多其他的事情,不愧于“国父”之称。
  Born in Virginia in 1732, George Washington was always very interested in the military, which are organizations with soldiers that fight for the country’s freedom. He was a very well-respected colonel (or an important leader in the military) and he fought many battles (or smaller fights in a war) during the French and Indian War.  
  乔治·华盛顿出生于1732年,他终身热衷于军事,长时间待在军队中保家卫国。他是非常受尊重的将军,在法国和印度的战场上屡立战功。
  When the new United States declared (or officially stated or told others of) its independence (or freedom) from Britain, George Washington became the commander-in-chief (or top leader of the military) in the Revolutionary War between Britain and America. He helped the United States win the war and secure (or get) its freedom. 
  当新的美利坚合众国正式宣布从美国独立时,乔治·华盛顿正担任英美独立战争的三军统帅。他率领美国赢得了战争,解放了全美国。
  When the war ended in 1783, Washington was tired of fighting. He wanted to return to his home in Virginia and work on his plantation (or big farm). However, once he was there, he began to understand that there were many problems with the Articles of Confederation (or the legal document that existed before the Constitution). He decided to help the other Founding Fathers create a new legal document for the country and went to participate in the Constitutional Convention. The other members of the Constitutional Convention unanimously voted (or all voted in agreement) to make him the president of the Convention. The Constitution was written under his leadership in 1787. Just two years later, in 1789, George Washington became the first president of the United States. 
  1783年战争结束,华盛顿已疲于征战,他想要回到自己弗吉尼亚的家,回归种植园。然而,当他一到那里,就立刻意识到当时的《联邦条例》存在许多问题。于是他决定帮助其他开国元勋们为这个国家制定一个新的法律文件,就去参加了宪法大会。宪法大会的议员们一致选举华盛顿为大会主席,于是在他的领导下,《宪法》于1787年问世了。两年后,也就是1789年,他当选美国第一任总统。
  George Washington had a major (or very important) influence (or effect) on the United States as the country was developing. That is why he is often called the “Father of our Country.” 

  乔治·华盛顿在美国发展史上起了至关重要的作用,因此人们尊称他为"国父"。

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