2014.5.25 【英译中】 The price of healthy eating 健康饮食的成本(2)

cindy9723 (子夜) 译译生辉
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发表于:2014-05-25 23:57 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

There is broad consensus about which foods are particularly good or bad. “We should emphasize reducing the things we know are unhealthy like processed meats, highly refined starches, sugars, and carbohydrates, trans fat, and sodium,” Mozaffarian says, and “highlight the things we know are good like fruits, vegetables, nuts, vegetable oils, and fish. Many other foods, like chicken or eggs, are “kind of in the middle”—neutral in terms of health effects.

对于尤其有益和无益的食物,通常有一个广泛的共识。“我们要注意减少我们知道不健康的东西的摄取量,比如加工的肉类,高度精制的淀粉,糖,碳水化合物,脂肪和钠。” Mozaffarian说,同时要“ 加强我们知道有益东西的摄取,比如水果,蔬菜,坚果,植物油和鱼。许多其他的食物,比如鸡和鸡蛋,都处于这有益和无益这两者之间。”  -对于健康来说为中性的影响。

Unhealthy diets cost less, in part, because producers are focused on providing “inexpensive, high-volume commodities. This is partly an accident of history,” Mozaffarian explains. “The main goal of food production through most of human history and even into the 1950s and ’60s was producing as many inexpensive calories as possible that were safe from bacterial contamination and toxins. A whole system was built around creating, shipping and storing a handful of products—rice, wheat, soy.” New systems “to grow, ship, and store fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seafood,” could be created, “but it could take decades without strong government support.”

不健康的饮食费用较少,部分原因是制造商正在注重提供“ 物美价廉的商品,这部分是历史的偶然。” Mozaffarian解释说, “在大部分人类历史上,甚至在1950和1960年代中,食物制造的主要目的是生产尽量多的廉价卡路里,从而可以在细菌污染和毒气中维持安全。一个完整的系统是在围绕建造,运输,和保存为数不多的产品-水稻,小麦和大豆上建成的。” 新的系统 “为了发展,运输和储存水果,蔬菜,坚果和海鲜。”是可以建造的,“但是如果缺乏政府支持,可能要花费数十年。”


Even though the detrimental design of the present system “wasn’t purposeful,” he continues, large companies now have “a financial interest in selling processed foods that have very inexpensive ingredients, often [costing only] pennies on the dollar.”

尽管目前的系统的不利设计“不是有意的”,他继续说道,大公司们现在有“ 出于经济利益,售卖含有非常便宜原料的加工食品,常常【成本只有】数美元。


第一篇文章的传送门2014.5.24 【英译中】The price of healthy eating 健康饮食的价格(1)

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