2014.5.26 【英译中】070 谁是美国第一任总统?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-26 22:07 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

70. Who was the first President?
Answer:
(George) Washington

70. 谁是美国第一任总统?

乔治·华盛顿

Explanation:
  Starting a new job is always difficult because you’re doing many things for the first time. But starting a job that is new and has never existed before is even more difficult because no one has ever done the things that you’re being asked to do. No one can tell you how to do it because no one has that experience. This is similar to what happened to the first president of the United States, George Washington.
  每开始一项任务都是不易的,因为对你来说很多事都是第一次。但是开始一项从来没有过的新任务更加艰辛,因为没有人做过,没有前人的经验可以参考。美国第一任总统乔治·华盛顿也是如此。
  George Washington was unanimously elected to be the first U.S. president, meaning that no one voted against him. Once this happened, everything that George Washington did became a precedent (or something that is used as an example for how people should behave in the future). Many of the things that George Washington did have become standard (or unchanging) for all U.S. presidents. For example, he chose to be called “Mr. President,” and all U.S. presidents have been called that ever since.
  乔治·华盛顿被一致通过选举为美国第一任总统,也就是说没人对他投反对票。从那以后,华盛顿总统做的每一件事情都成为先例,成为后继者的行为标准。例如,他要人们称他“总统先生”,从那以后所有总统都是被这么叫的。
  Throughout his time as president, George Washington travelled to many different states, working hard to make sure that each state felt like an important part of the new country. He listened carefully to the advice (or ideas and suggestions) of other people before he made decisions as president. He was very careful to avoid (or not have) war with France or Britain.
  在他任职期间,乔治·华盛顿访问过很多州,尽自己所能地让每个州都感觉到对国家的重要性。当他行使总统权力之前会耐心聆听很多人的意见。同时他也非常小心地避免挑起和英、法的战争。
  Many people wanted George Washington to be president for three four-year terms (which would be a total of 12 years as president), but he declined (or said no). This set (or created) the precedent that presidents could serve (or work) for only two terms. Only one president was elected to more than two terms, Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
  许多人都希望乔治·华盛顿能做满三个任期,即12年,但他拒绝了。这就建立了总统只能做二个任期的传统。只有一个人超过两期的,就是富兰克林·罗斯福
  Today George Washington’s portrait (which is a painting or drawing of him) is on the United States’ one-dollar bills (or pieces of paper money) and quarters (or pieces of metal worth 25 cents). There is also a tall monument (or something that is built to remember a person or place) to George Washington in Washington, DC.

  如今乔治·华盛顿的肖像被印在1美元纸币和25美分硬币上。在华盛顿特区还有一座很高的纪念碑供人们悼念这位伟大的领袖。

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