2014.5.27【英译中】意大利文艺复兴历史1

发表于:2014-05-27 15:44 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Italian Renaissance History.

意大利文艺复兴历史

The renaissance (or rebirth) is an Italian idea, and the Italian Renaissance generally covers the periods from the beginning of the fourteenth century to the end of the sixteenth century.

文艺复兴是一种意大利思潮,意大利文化复兴通常指十四世纪初期到十六世纪晚期这段时间。

The debate on it's beginning and end is largely immaterial, but for the purposes of this site we will begin at the start of the fourteenth. 

讨论其开端和结束在很大程度上是无关紧要的,但鉴于本网站的目的,我们将其开端定为十四世纪开始。

The renaissance marked a great cultural change throughout the whole of Europe and is viewed as a bridge between the medieval and modern ages. 

文艺复兴标志着贯穿整个欧洲的重大文化变迁,并被看作是连接中世纪和现代的桥梁。

Scholars schooled in literature along with poets, courtiers and schoolmasters, all with a powerful thirst for learning, became known as the intellectual movement the humanists. 

学者、诗人、侍臣和教师们,纷纷投入到文学作品中,热切地学习,形成众所周知的人文主义者的知识分子运动。

They rediscovered Greek and Latin texts and began to teach Latin literature. 

他们重现了希腊语和拉丁语文稿,并开始传播拉丁文学。

The poet, historian and philosopher, Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) was one of the leading lights of the movement. 

诗人、历史学家及哲学家——弗朗希斯科·彼特拉克(1304-1374)就是这场运动的一个重要人物。

 It was this explosion of free thinking that eventually spread to the artists and architects of the fifteenth century.

这场自由思想运动的爆发,最终蔓延到十五世纪的艺术家和建筑师身上。

The independent cities of central and northern Italy with their politically and economically successful institutions such as banking, workshops and universities provided ideal conditions for the emergence of Humanism.

意大利中部和北部的独立城市,拥有成功的政治和经济体系,如银行、工作坊和大学,为人文主义的出现提供了理想的条件。

Beginning in Italy the new thinking eventually spread to the rest of Europe. 

这一崭新的思想开始于意大利,最终传播到欧洲其他地方。

分类: 英语
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