2014.5.28 【英译中】071 美国在1803年从法国那里购买了哪块土地?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-28 16:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
Answer:
• The Louisiana Territory
• Louisiana
71. 1803年美国从法国那里购买了哪块土地?
路易斯安那地区
路易斯安那


Explanation:
  In the late 1700s, New Orleans was one of the United States’ most important ports, since it was a city next to the water where ships or large boats could come and go. The United States used New Orleans to transport (or move) food and other products, but the city didn’t belong to the U.S. New Orleans first belonged to Spain and then to France. This was a problem for the United States, because if those other countries decided to block (or not allow) America’s access to New Orleans, the country wouldn’t be able to send and receive the things it wanted to buy and sell.
  18世纪末期,新奥尔良作为美国最重要的港口之一,以其靠海优势接纳着来来往往的船只。美国通过这个港口运输食物及其他物资,但其所属权却不是美国。最初新奥尔良是属于西班牙的,然后是法国。这对美国来说一直是个令人头痛问题,因为是否允许美国进入港口的权力掌握在其他国家手里,只要他们一声令下,就阻断了美国的运输通道。
  So, when Thomas Jefferson was president, the United States negotiated (or reached an agreement) with France to buy New Orleans. The negotiators were prepared (or ready) to buy New Orleans for $10 million. Imagine how surprised they were when the French government offered to sell the entire (or whole) area, a much, much bigger area than just New Orleans known as the Louisiana Territory, for just $15 million. This area was almost 830,000 square miles! This was much more land than the U.S. had intended (or planned) to buy, but the opportunity was too good to pass up (or not buy).
  因此,托马斯·杰弗逊在任期间就和法国谈判购买新爱尔良。美国的预算是1千万美元。想象一下,当美国人听到法国政府只要1500万美元就答应卖给他们比新爱尔良大得多的路易斯安那地区时,有多么震惊。整片地区有83万平方公里呢!这块地比美国人当初想买的要大得多,但机不可失。
  The territory was bought in 1803 and the transaction (or sale) became known as the Louisiana Purchase. The Louisiana Territory was larger than the whole United States at that time. Today the area is almost one-fourth (or 25%) of the United States, covering 15 states and part of Canada.
  这块土地在1803年被美国买下,人们称这桩买卖为路易斯安那购地案。如今路易斯安那地区是1/4的美国国土大小,包括15个州和部分加拿大领土,但在当时比整个美国加起来都大。
  Most of the Louisiana Territory was uncharted land when it was bought, meaning that it was land that no one had explored (or traveled to and knew very much about). It was also home for many Native Americans who were not involved in the transaction and did not even know about the purchase. The United States and France had agreed that the U.S. would own the land, but the U.S. would spend the next years fighting the Native Americans there to decide who would actually get to use the land.

  当时的路易斯安那地区都是未开发的土地,也就是说还没有人到过那里。这里当时居住着许多美国土著,他们还被蒙在鼓里,根本不知道自己的家已经被卖了。美国和法国达成协议只要美国在将来赢得与土著之间的战争,他们就能拥有这整片土地。

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