2014.05.29【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (1)

fay_ai (非非) 译人小成
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发表于:2014-05-29 13:27 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration

14个导致脱水的原因

导致脱水的14个原因


Your body is about 60% water. Lose even 1.5% of that H2O—the tipping point for mild dehydration—and your mood, energy levels, and cognitive function all drop, according to research from the University of Connecticut. And while there are obvious reasons you can end up dehydrated—a sunny day, exercise, or not drinking enough in general—other triggers are less obvious. Check out these 14 surprising causes of dehydration and how to prevent them.

据(美国)康乃迪克/(康涅狄格)大学的研究称/表明,你身体大约60%都是水。仅仅失去这些水分中的1.5%——轻度脱水的转折点(临界点)——你的情绪,体能/精力,和认知功能都会下降。当然有些明显的原因例如——大太阳天/艳阳天,锻炼,或者综合上摄水量不足——都可能导致你身体脱水,——其他的原因(trigger)却不太明显。来看看这14项出人意料的导致脱水的原因以及他们的预防措施吧~


Diabetes

糖尿病


People with diabetes—especially people who don’t yet realize they have it—are at increased risk for dehydration. When levels of sugar in the blood are too high, the body tries to get rid off the excess glucose through increased urine output, says Robert Kominiarek, DO, a board-certified family physician in Ohio. All of those extra trips to the bathroom can be dehydrating. If you’re diabetic and suffer from frequent thirst or urination, talk to your doctor about how you can work together to improve your blood sugar control. And if you’re experiencing excessive thirst along with these other type 2 diabetes symptoms, it’s time to pay a visit to your doctor.

糖尿病患者——特别是还不知道他们患有糖尿病的人——他们的脱水危险正在不断增加。(美国)俄亥俄州专业家庭医师Robert Kominiarek说,当血液含糖量太高,身体通常会试图以增加尿液排量的方式来去除过剩葡萄糖。那些多余的上洗手间的次数都可能是脱水的表现。如果你是糖尿病患者并遭受口渴或排尿之苦,找你的医生谈谈看该如何共同合作改善你的血糖控制。而如果你出现极度口渴伴随着其他的II型糖尿病症状,是时候去拜访一下医生了。


Your period

你的月经/经期


Is it that time of the month? Drink an extra glass of water. Estrogen and progesterone influence your body’s hydration levels, and when the two are roller-coastering, like when you’re in the throes of PMS, you may need to increase your fluid intake to stay hydrated, Dr. Kominiarek says. What’s more, for some women who have excessively heavy periods, the amount of blood lost is enough to deplete fluid levels, says OB-GYN Marielena Guerra, MD, of Elite OB/GYN in Florida. If you think the latter might be you, start counting your tampons. If you have to change them more than once every two hours, talk to your gyno. 

是每个月的“那个“时候了吗?多喝一杯水吧。Kominiarek医生说,雌性激素和黄体酮影响着你身体的水分,而当两者急转突变,例如当你遭受经前综合症的痛苦时,你可能需要增加液体摄取量来保持体内水分/含水量。来自弗洛里达州精英妇产医院的妇产科医师Marielena Guerra说,此外,对于一些经期量多的女性来说,流失的血液量足够耗尽体内水分(/足够导致体内水分完全流失)。如果你认为你可能是后者,开始计算你的卫生棉使用量。如果你必需每两个小时以内换一次卫生棉,找你的妇科医生谈谈吧。



This article originally appeared on Health.com.

原文出自Health.com



2014.05.29【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (1)

2014.05.30【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (2)

2014.05.30【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (3)

2014.06.04【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 (4)

2014.06.04【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 (5)


最后编辑于:2014-10-29 20:48
分类: 英语
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