2014.5.29 【英译中】072 19世纪美国的主要战役?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-29 15:07 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
Answer:
• War of 1812
• Mexican-American War
• Civil War
• Spanish-American War
72. 19世纪美国的主要战役?
1812年战争
美墨战争
美国内战
美西战争

Explanation:
  When Americans are asked about wars that the United States fought in during the 1800s, they often think of the Civil War. The Civil War was the war in which Americans fought each other, with northern states fighting against southern states. But there were three other important wars in the 1800s. These were the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, and the Spanish-American War.
  当美国人被问及19世纪的主要战争时,他们首先会想到美国内战。这场战争之所以被称为内战是由于发生在南北美洲之间。但19世纪还有另外3场主要战争:1812年战争、美墨战争和美西战争。
  The War of 1812 is often called the forgotten war because few people remember it well or know very much about it. The War of 1812 lasted (or continued) from 1812 to 1815 while the United States fought against Great Britain, Ireland, and its colonies (or areas of land belonging to those countries) in what is now Canada. One of the causes of the war (or one of the reasons why the war happened) was that Americans were upset (or angry) about Great Britain’s way of trading (or buying and selling things internationally). Another reason was that Americans thought that the British government was helping Native Americans fight against the Americans who wanted their land. More than 2,000 American soldiers (or people who fought in the war) died.
  1812年战争由于很少人还记得或对其知之甚少,常被称作被遗忘的战争。1812年战争开始于1812年,结束于1815年,是美国同大英帝国、爱尔兰及其殖民地,也就是现在的加拿大之间的战争。战争原因是美国对英国的对外贸易方式十分不满。另一个原因则是美国人认为英国政府在帮助美国土著跟美国争土地。至少有2000名美国士兵死于这场战争。
  The Mexican-American War was fought from 1846 to 1848. This war started after Texas seceded from Mexico (or stopped being a part of Mexico) and became part of the United States. Mexico didn’t want this to happen and fought to get back the area, or to have it returned to Mexico. The treaty (or international agreement) that was signed at the end of the war gave the United States all of Texas, as well as a lot of other land, which includes all of California, Nevada, and Utah.
  美西战争从1846年开始到1848年结束。这场战争因德克萨斯从墨西哥脱离后归入美国领土而引发的。墨西哥不允许这样的事情发生,想要争回土地。最终的结果是美西两国签署协议,把整个德克萨斯和另外一大片土地都给了美国,包括加利福尼亚州、内华达州和犹他州。
  Finally, the Spanish-American War was a short war fought for four months in 1898 between the United States and Spain. When the war began, Cuba belonged to Spain and Americans wanted to help Cuba become independent (or free). The United States won quickly. The treaty that ended the war gave the United States control of Guam, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico.

  最后一场战役是1898年的美西战争,时间很短,才持续了4个月。战争初期,古巴隶属西班牙,美国只是想要帮助其独立。很快美国就赢了,最后两国签订协议,把关岛、菲律宾和波多黎各(岛)的所有权都给了美国。

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