2014.05.30【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (2)

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发表于:2014-05-30 02:25 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration

导致脱水的14个原因



Low-carb diets 

低谈水化合物


Carbohydrates are stored in your body right along with fluids. That’s why you drop a couple pounds of water weight when you eliminate carbs. That might look good on your scale, sure, but it’s bad news for your hydration levels, says dietitian Jaime Mass, RD (Registered Dietetian). Plus, since whole carbs such as oatmeal, whole grain pasta, and brown rice all soak up water during the cooking process, eating them can actually increase your hydration levels. Cut them from your diet and you could be unwittingly reducing your fluid intake, too.

碳水化合物与液体是一起在身体里存储的。这就是为什么当你禁食碳水化合物时减轻了几磅体重,那只是少掉的水分。注册营养师Jamie Mass说,当然,从体重计上看这可能是好事,但是,对你身体的水分含量来说却恰恰相反。此外,像燕麦片、(全麦全谷类 意大利面和糙米这类的纯碳水化合物全都会在烹饪过程中吸收大量水分,这些食物的摄取事实上可以增加你身体的水含量。从你的日常饮食中减少他们的摄取也会使你不知不觉中减少液体摄入。


Stress 

压力


When you’re under stress, your adrenal glands pump out stress hormones. And if you’re constantly under pressure, eventually your adrenals become exhausted, causing an adrenal insufficiency, Dr. Kominiarek says. Problem is, the adrenals also produce the hormone aldosterone, which helps regulate your body’s levels of fluid and electrolytes. So as adrenal fatigue progresses, your body’s production of aldosterone drops, triggering dehydration and low electrolyte levels, he says. While increasing fluid intake can help in the short term, mediating your stressors is the only real long-term solution. 

Kominiarek医生说,当你面临压力时,你的肾上腺会抽出应激激素/压力荷尔蒙。而如果你长期处于高压下,你的肾上腺会逐渐精疲力尽,最终导致肾上腺效率低下。他说,问题是,肾上腺同时也产生调节身体液体含量和电解质的醛固酮激素。当肾上腺疲劳症持续发展,你身体的醛固酮减少时,就会引发脱水和电解质水平偏低的症状。当增加液体的摄取可以在短期内见效(/起到缓解作用),调节压力是唯一的长期解决方法。



This article originally appeared on Health.com.

原文出自Health.com




2014.05.29【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (1)

2014.05.30【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (2)

2014.05.30【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (3)

2014.06.04【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 (4)

2014.06.04【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 (5)




长句的断句还是貌似问题朵朵,请各位大神多多指教阿~

最后编辑于:2014-06-04 09:28
分类: 英语
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