2014.05.30【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (3)

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发表于:2014-05-30 03:19 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration


导致脱水的14个原因



Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

肠道易激综合症


As if irritable bowel syndrome wasn’t terrible enough on its own, its symptoms (such as nausea and chronic diarrhea) can cause dehydration, Kominiarek says. What’s more, many people who suffer from this conditions place themselves on elimination diets to avoid what they believe may be trigger foods, Mass adds. If those diets nix any fluids or fluid-rich foods, they could end up further contributing to dehydration.

Kominiarek说,如果肠道易激综合症本身还不够严重的话,其症状(例如恶心和慢性腹泻)都可以导致脱水。Mass补充道,更糟糕的是,很多遭受此类痛苦的人以排除饮食(/饮食控制法)来避免他们所认为的“病因食物”。如果此类饮食禁止任何液体或含水量丰富的食物,脱水的症状就会因此进一步加重。


elimination diet

                  【医学】排除饮食 (将食物一种一种地排除,以确定与病状有关的食物)

以上来源于:《21世纪大英汉词典》


Your workout 

你的身体锻炼


We typically think of post-workout dehydration as a problem reserved for endurance athletes, but any time you break a sweat, be it an hour-long spin class or quick jog around the block, you’re losing water, Mass says. And, week after week, if you are sweating out more than you’re sipping, you could become dehydrated. Try this: Weigh yourself immediately before and after your workout. For every pound you’ve lost (the goal is not to!), drink 16 to 20 ounces of water, she suggests.

Mass说,我们通常认为身体锻炼后脱水现象是留给耐力运动员的问题,但是无论是当你出了点汗、上了一小时的动感单车课或者在小区里短暂的慢跑了一圈,你都流失了一部分水分。然后一周又一周,如果你出汗量比水分摄入量大,你都可能出现脱水症状。她建议:在你进行身体锻炼的前后马上称称体重。最好是没有体重变化。但是如果每下降磅体重,你就应该喝16至20盎司(473毫升至591毫升)的水。


Pregnancy 

妊娠


Has your baby got you feeling bloated? Chances are your body is retaining water in an attempt to offset dehydration, Guerra says. During pregnancy, your overall blood volume and cardiac output increase, which can thereby increase your fluid requirements. What’s more, nausea and vomiting associated with morning sickness can also take their toll on hydration levels, she says. If you are suffering from morning sickness, don’t just accept it as a given. Talk to your doc about how to ease your symptoms.

你的宝宝让你感到浮肿了吗?很有可能那是因为你的身体在试图以保留水分来减轻脱水症状,Guerra说。在妊娠期,你的总体血液量和心输出量会正加,导致你所需水分摄入增加。此外与妊娠反应相关的恶心和呕吐也可能影响身体含水量。如果你正忍受晨吐症状,不要以为那是正常现象。找你的医生谈谈如何减轻这些症状。


cardiac output

                  【生理学】心输出量,心脏每分钟压出的血量




This article originally appeared on Health.com.

原文出自Health.com




2014.05.29【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (1)

2014.05.30【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (2)

2014.05.30【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 14 Surprising Causes of Dehydration (3)

2014.06.04【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 (4)

2014.06.04【英译中】导致脱水的14个原因 (5)


最后编辑于:2014-06-04 09:28
分类: 英语
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