2014.05.30【英译中】Harvard ManageMentor - Virtual Teams [03]

neilalien
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发表于:2014-05-30 12:43 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Charpter 2. Establishing a Foundation for Success
第二章 奠定成功基础

# Define the vision and goals
# 定义展望/愿景与目标

All teams need clearly defined visions and goals, but a virtual team may find it harder to achieve such clarity than a same-place team does. After all, competent members of a same-place team may clarify a vague vision, adjust poorly defined goals, and transform an ill-defined project into a realistic one just by being near one another. They can easily talk in the halls, at lunch, and in the parking lot to straighten out problems or misunderstandings.
任何团队都需要清晰定义的展望与目标,但是比起在同一地点工作的团队,虚拟团队可能会发现他们更难获得这样的清晰性。毕竟,同一定点工作的团队的合格成员们只要临近彼此就能够澄清模糊的展望、调整设定拙劣的目标,和将设定不合理的项目转化为实际可行的项目。他们可以方便地在大厅、午餐时和停车场交谈来解决问题和误解。他们可以随时随地交流沟通以解决问题澄清误会,比如在大厅、午餐时和停车场。

Virtual teams simply don't have that luxury. Like any other team, a virtual one will examine and adjust its objectives during the work process, but it should also map out the clearest possible vision and overall goals at the beginning in order to succeed. The goals need to be concrete and measurable—so that at the end of the effort, the team can look back and know that it has achieved the desired results.
虚拟团队不过是没有那样的奢侈可享。像其它任何团队一样,虚拟团队也会在工作过程中检查和调整它的目标,但是为了取得成功,它还必须在一开始就尽可能拟定最清晰的展望与总体目标。所有目标必须简明且可测量——以便工作结束时,团队能够回顾并确认它达成了预期成果。

# Determine roles and responsibilities
# 确定角色与责任

As with team vision and goals, the roles and responsibilities of virtual team members must be clearly defined from the beginning. Otherwise a virtual team can get bogged down in confusion, and team members can end up duplicating one another's efforts.
同团队展望与目标一样,虚拟团队成员的角色和责任必须在一开始就被清晰地定义好。不然虚拟团队会陷入混乱,团队成员最终会重复彼此的工作。

An early understanding of individual roles can help ensure that virtual team members take responsibility for separate tasks but see their work as part of the big picture. Working together, the team can see what needs to be done and make sure that someone is there to do it.
对个体角色的早期明确,能确保虚拟团队的成员们负责相互分离的任务但将各自的工作当作整体的一部分。通过共同工作,团队能发现需要完成的任务并确保有人执行它。

# Clarify work processes and desired results
# 明确工作流程与预期成果

"The speed at which you can communicate defines how quickly you can make money. If I can respond to a customer in six hours anywhere in the world at any time, that's a competitive advantage." – Bob Buckman
“你沟通的速度决定了你赚钱的速度。如果我能在世界的任何地方任何时间6小时内回应一个客户,这会是个竞争优势。”——Bob Buckman

The virtual workplace requires explicit, transparent processes(decision-making approaches, methodologies, work plans, procedures) and outputs (deliverables, records, milestones, results, documents). Transparency means that all team members understand and agree on the processes and desired outputs.
虚拟职场要求明确且透明的流程(决策制定方式、方法论、工作计划、规程)与产出(应交付的产品、记录、里程碑、成果、文件)。透明意味着所有团队成员明白并同意流程与预期产出。

Transparency enables the team to produce consistent results: Everyone on the team knows what the team is trying to achieve—and how the team is going to achieve it.
透明使团队能够产出稳定成果:团队每个成员了解团队在尝试达成什么和团队要怎样达成它。

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2014.05.28【英译中】Harvard ManageMentor - Virtual Teams [01]

2014.05.28【英译中】Harvard ManageMentor - Virtual Teams [02]



最后编辑于:2014-10-29 20:46
分类: 英语
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