2014.05.31 【英译中】074 美国内战原因

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-05-31 11:40 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.  
Answer:   
•  Slavery   
•  Economic reasons  
•  States’ rights 
74. 美国内战原因
奴隶制度
经济原因
权力分配


Explanation:   
  During the 1800s, the United States grew very quickly, but it did not grow in the same way in all places. Over time, there were more and more differences between the northern states and the southern states. These differences eventually (or in the end) led to the Civil War, which was a war where Americans fought against each other from 1861 to 1865. The most important differences that led to the Civil War were slavery, the economy, and states’ rights. 
  19世纪,美国总体发展迅猛但各地区不均衡。随着时间的推移,南北差异日益突显,最终导致了1861年到1865年的美国内战。其中最重要的几个原因有奴隶制、经济及权力分配。
  Slavery (or the practice of owning people and forcing them to work without paying them) was more common (or usual and normal) in the southern states than in the northern states. The north had many small, family-owned farms and enough people to work on them. But in the south, there were fewer people.  Most of the farms were very large and the owners needed slaves to do the work. Slaves were a critical (or very important) part of how the south made money, but people in the north were beginning to think that slavery was immoral (or wrong) and wanted to make it illegal (or against the law). This made the southern states afraid and angry and they wanted to secede from (or leave) the United States and create their own country. 
  不同于北方,奴隶制在南方十分普遍。北方有许多小型的家庭作坊,劳动力充足。南方却劳动力匮乏,大部分都是大型农场,农场主需要劳作的奴隶。这种靠奴隶赚钱的方式对南方来说是必不可少的,但北方人开始思考奴隶制的道德问题,并想通过法律来废除。这让南方感到了威胁,他们对此十分不满,想要脱离美利坚合众国,并建立自己的国家。
  There were also economic (or business and money) reasons for the Civil War. The southern states had many plantations (or large farms).  These plantations were dependent on (or needed) agriculture, which included farming and raising animals for food.  For the south to have a strong economy, it needed plantations to make money. The northern states had larger and more developed cities.  Many of the people in the northern states made money from manufacturing (or making things to sell) and trading (or selling things to other countries). Some historians (or people who study things that happened in the past) believe that these economic differences were a cause of the Civil War (or one of the reasons for the Civil War). 
  另一个引发美国内战的是经济原因。南方有许多以农业(耕种及畜牧)为主要收入的种植园,因此要发展经济就必须依赖这些种植园。北方则有许多大型现代化的城市,主要经济收入依靠手工业和贸易。许多历史学家认为这种经济形态的差异也是导致美国内战的原因之一。
  Finally, states’ rights (or the ability to do and have certain things) were another problem that led to the Civil War. The population (or the number of people) in the northern states was growing very quickly, with a lot of immigration (or people coming from other countries to live there). In the south, the population was growing more slowly. Southern states were afraid that they would lose their rights because the northern states would have more representation in the federal government. Southern states were also worried that the federal (or national) government would become too strong, taking power away from the states. This was the third major cause of the Civil War. 

  最后,各州之间的权力分配也是导致美国内战的另一个重要因素。北方人口增长迅速,并伴随大量移民。而南方人口则增长缓慢。由于北方在联邦政府中拥有越来越多的代表权,所以南方非常害怕失去权利。同时他们还担心联邦政府变得越来越强大,而把各州的权力收入囊中。这就是美国内战的第三个原因。


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