2014.6.1【英译中】How to tune a violin

xumengshi (由美希子) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-01 16:29 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The violin is a fun instrument that produces beautiful music if played correctly.
小提琴是一种非常有趣的乐器,如果拉得恰到好处就会产生美妙的音乐。
But if the violin isn't tuned correctly before playing, the music will be far from beautiful!
可是如果小提琴在拉之前音调没调好,音乐就远非如此美妙啰!

By tuning a violin, the musician is adjusting the pitch that the instrument produces, string by string.
通过小提琴调优,音乐师会逐弦调试乐器的音高。
Pitch is a term that refers to the frequency of the sound waves (in Hertz) that are produced. Tuning a violin may sound tricky, but with practice it will become very easy.
音高是一个术语,指所产生的声波的频率(赫兹)。调优小提琴可能听起来很棘手,实际练习起来时就会变得非常简单。
Hold the violin firmly in front of you and pluck the second highest-pitched string, or the third string counting from your left. This string is called "A.”
将小提琴稳固地把持在你面前,然后弹拨第二高音的弦,或者从左数第三根弦。这根弦就叫做“A”弦。
There are two ways to determine if your violin is out of tune.
有两种方法判断你的提琴是否走调了。
For more advanced violinists, try playing "A" on a piano or keyboard, and compare it to the pitch of the plucked string.
对高级点的小提琴手而言,试着在钢琴或键盘上弹“A”,并同你弹拨的弦比较音高。

Most beginning violinists fare better with a tuner, which is a device that determines the frequency of any open string--or, actually, any note--a musician plays.
大多初学者会选择用调音器,一个判断任何空弦,或者实际上,音乐家所弹的任何音符的频率的设备。
Tuners are extremely helpful and precise, and you can buy them for a reasonable price at most music stores.
调音器是极其有帮助且精准的。你能在大多数乐器店里以合理价格买到。
If you choose to use a tuner, the tuner will indicate exactly how sharp or flat a string is by picking up the sound as you play that string.
如果你选择使用调音器,那么它会精确地指示你当弹那根弦时音调是有多尖锐或多平。

分类: 英语
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