2014.6.1【英译中】065 在宪法大会上发生了什么?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-01 23:56 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
Answer:
• The Constitution was written.
• The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
65. 在宪法大会上发生了什么?
起草了《宪法》
开国元勋们起草了《宪法》


Explanation:
  When the 13 American colonies (or areas of land ruled by Great Britain but far away from it) got their independence (or freedom) from Britain, they did not have a strong government. They agreed to follow a document called the Articles of Confederation, but it wasn’t strong enough for the new country. So political leaders decided to have a meeting called the Constitutional Convention. Some of the people who went to the Constitutional Convention wanted to improve (or make better) the Articles of Confederation. Others wanted to create a new type of government.
  当13个殖民地刚从英国独立时,政府基础还很薄弱。他们共同遵守一部法律叫做《联邦条例》,但对新国家来说是有欠缺的。因此政治领袖们决定召开一次宪法大会。一些宪法大会议员想要改进《联邦条例》,另一些则想要创建一个新的政府形态。
  The Constitutional Convention was held from May 25th to September 17th, 1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. During that time, political leaders discussed (or talked about) many important issues. One of the main disagreements was how Americans should be represented in the legislature (or the lawmaking part of the government). People from large states wanted representation to be based on population, while people from small states wanted each state to have equal representation. A man from Connecticut, Roger Sherman, finally solved (or found an answer to) the problem when he created the Connecticut Compromise, which was a solution that gave everybody some, but not all, of what they wanted. The Connecticut Compromise created the House of Representatives, where representation is based on population, and the Senate, where representation is equal for all states.
  宪法大会在宾夕法尼亚的费城召开,从1787年5月25日到9月17日。期间,政治领袖们商讨了很多问题。其中一个主要争议就是如何在立法层面上解决美国的代表制。来自大州的人希望代表权取决州人口数,然而来自小州的人则希望每个州有平等的代表权。来自康乃迪克州罗杰·谢尔曼最终解决了这个问题,他建立了康奈迪克妥协案,给了每个人但不是所有人他们想要的结果。康奈迪克妥协案建立了以人口数来决定代表权的众议院,和每个州都有平等代表权的参议院。
  Another disagreement at the Constitutional Convention was how the votes of slaves (or people who were owned as property and were forced to work without being paid) should be counted. About 20% of the U.S. population was slaves, and most of them were in the South. States with many slaves wanted them to be counted for representation in the legislature, but not for taxes (or money paid to the government). States without slaves wanted them to be counted for taxes, but not for representation. The solution was another compromise: to count each slave as three fifths (or 60%) of a person.
  另一个在宪法大会伤颇具争议的话题就是奴隶的投票该如何统计。当时美国大约20%人口都是奴隶,大部分都集中在南方。奴隶人口占大部分的州想要自己在法律上得到代表权而不是只交税,而没有奴隶的州又希望这些奴隶只交税而没有代表权。这次的解决方案就形成了另一个妥协:每个奴隶按3/5计算名额。
  There were many other disagreements during the Constitutional Convention, but eventually the Constitution (or the most important legal document in the United States) was written. The men who were at the Constitutional Convention are often called our Founding Fathers, because they were the people who helped to found (or create) the U.S. government as we know it today.

  宪法大会上还有很多争议,但最终还是把《宪法》草案定下来了。起草《宪法》的人被叫做开国元勋,因为是他们帮助建立了现在的美国政府。


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最后编辑于:2014-10-29 20:31
分类: 英语
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