2014.6.2【英译汉】工期,成本和质量在项目管理中的作用(摘要及引言)

发表于:2014-06-02 21:50 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The Role of Time, Cost and Quality in Project Management 

工期,成本和质量在项目管理中的作用

   Project management has emerged as a field of practice that is being used increasingly by organizations to achieve their business goals. Since the concept ‘survival of the fittest’ best describes today’s business environment, good project management performance assessment tools are needed in order to make an organization ‘the best of the best’. Project completion within time and cost, while maintaining quality is very important for the success of projects. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to analyse the key variables of time, cost and quality and determine their roles in project management performance. A problem was constructed together with different scenarios to analyse the relations of these variables according to conditions given. With the help of Microsoft Project, the authors were able to narrow down the findings in all scenarios and summarize the patterns of strategies based on these variables to make an appropriate decision on planning the project. 

项目管理已成为一个被管理组织越来越多的在实践领域使用以实现其业务目标的方法。“适者生存”这个概念较好地诠释了如今的商业环境,因此,为了使企业组织成为最好的,需要很棒的项目管理评估工具。不仅在规定工期和成本内完成项目,而且还要保证质量,对项目的最终成功是非常重要的。因此,本文的目的是分析工期、成本和质量这些关键变量,并确定他们在项目管理中的作用。根据给定的不同情况,构建了一个问题来分析这些变量的关系。在微软工程软件(Microsoft Project)的帮助下,作者能够缩小在所有情况下的结果,并概括以这些变量为基础的战略模型,在项目规划时做出恰当的决定。


Keywords - Project management, project performance, project success

关键词:项目管理;项目绩效;项目的成功


I. INTRODUCTION 

1 引言

    Today, numerous organizations still ignore investments in evaluating project management 
performance and are just emphasizing on meeting time, cost and specification of projects. Most past studies that analyze project performance and the characteristics that affect such performance consist of a simple form, in which they present the brief relationship between project performance and a few characteristics that affect it.  

      如今,许多组织仍然忽略在项目管理绩效评价上的投资,只是在会议上强调项目的工期、成本和规范。过去的研究多数是一种简单的形式分析了项目绩效和影响这些绩效的特点,即他们提出了项目绩效和影响它的几个特点的简洁关系

   Pheng and Chuan suggest that in project management, a project manager is vital and indispensable in any project as it is people formulating the processes and systems who deliver the projects. It is generally agreed that to be considered successful, a project must be fit for purpose and it must have achieved its delivery targets.

Pheng和Chuan认为在项目管理中,项目经理是至关重要并且在任何项目中项不可或缺的,因为他们是制定流程和系统、提交项目的人。人们普遍认为,一个成功的项目,其目标必须适宜,而且必须实现它的交付目标



最后编辑于:2014-10-29 18:38
分类: 英语
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