2014.6.2 【英译中】076 《解放黑奴宣言》是做什么的?

ausko (红果子猫) 路人甲
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发表于:2014-06-02 23:53 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?  
Answer:   
•  Freed the slaves  
•  Freed slaves in the Confederacy  
•  Freed slaves in the Confederate states  
•  Freed slaves in most Southern states 
76.《解放黑奴宣言》是做什么的?
解放黑奴
解放联盟国的奴隶
解放联盟州的奴隶
解放南方大部分州的奴隶


Explanation:   
  In 1860, there were approximately four million slaves (or people who are owned and have to work without being paid) in the United States. By 1865, there were no slaves because they had all been given freedom. Their freedom came from President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. 
  1860年,美国土地上大约有四百万奴隶。直到1865年,由于所有的奴隶均被解放而使得奴隶在这片土地上消失了。这都要归功于亚伯拉罕·林肯的《解放黑奴宣言》。
  Abraham Lincoln’s proclamation (or public announcement) emancipated (or gave freedom to) all slaves in the United States. The Emancipation Proclamation, which was made in 1863, made slavery illegal or not legal. This was a very risky decision, which means that it was a decision that could have caused a lot of trouble for Abraham Lincoln. The country was being torn in two (or strongly divided) between the northern states where slavery was illegal and the southern states where there were still many slaves. 
  亚伯拉罕·林肯的宣言解放了美国所有的奴隶。1863年通过的《解放黑奴宣言》正式废除了奴隶制。这对林肯来说是一项非常冒险的决定,可能会给他带来很多麻烦。这个国家当时被分成两部分,把奴隶制视为违法的北方和遍地奴隶的南方。
  Abolitionists (or people who wanted slavery to end) had been asking Abraham Lincoln to make slavery illegal for a long time. But he had to act cautiously (or slowly and very carefully). He knew that the political decision would be very risky. In fact, he did not make the Emancipation Proclamation until the Civil War (or the war between America’s northern and southern states) had already started.  
  废奴主义者很早之前就要求亚伯拉罕·林肯废除奴隶制。但他对此非常谨慎,他深知这项政治决策是一次冒险。事实上,直到内战爆发后她才颁布的《解放黑奴宣言》。
  The Emancipation Proclamation made slavery illegal in the Union (or the northern states), but the Confederacy (or southern states) was no longer listening to the President of the United States at that time. Slavery didn’t become illegal in those southern states until they became part of the United States again after the northern states won the Civil War.  Some of the southern states made slavery illegal right away, but others did it gradually (or a little bit at a time). Two states, Delaware and Kentucky, did not emancipate their slaves until 1865. 
  《解放黑奴宣言》使得奴隶制在联邦国是违法的,而在当时,联盟国已不再效忠美利坚合众国总统。直到北方赢得内战,这些南方州又重回美利坚合众国的怀抱后,奴隶制才真正废除。一些南方州马上就废除了奴隶制,但其余的州得慢慢来,特拉华州和肯塔基州直到1865年才真正废除了奴隶制。
  When the Emancipation Proclamation was read aloud, many slaves wept (or cried) with happiness. They were happy to have their freedom and to know that their children would be free. However, it would be many years before they would begin to be treated equally (or in the same way) as white Americans. Even today there is still discrimination (or unfair treatment) against some African Americans or black Americans. 

  当《解放黑奴宣言》宣读时,许许多多的奴隶们喜极而泣。他们为自己及儿女的今后的自由而高兴。然而,黑人要真正和白人平起平坐还有很长的路要走。直至今日,仍存在着对非裔美国人或黑人的歧视。


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最后编辑于:2014-10-29 18:26
分类: 英语
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