2014.06.03【英译中】湿壁画技法1

发表于:2014-06-03 11:35 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The Fresco technique. 

湿壁画的绘画技法


Fresco painting has been around for a very long time, examples of fresco painting techniques date back to at least 1500 BC. But the use of the medium became very prominent in the medieval and renaissance periods. There are three main painting mediums that were used in the renaissance, these are Fresco, (discussed here) Egg Tempera and Oil painting.

湿壁画已经存在了很长一段时间,其技法例证至少可追溯到公元前1500年。这种绘画技法在中世纪和文艺复兴时期达到顶峰。文艺复兴时期的绘画方法主要有三种,分别是湿壁画(即将讨论)、蛋彩画和油画。

 

There are varying types of fresco, true fresco or Buon fresco is very permanent and consists of brush painting onto freshly applied, wet lime plaster (referred to as the intonaco.) Using water as the medium the paint is absorbed into the plaster as it dries and the pigment is bound into the structure of the plaster. Wall painting was very popular in the renaissance era and fresco was the standard method of decoration. 

湿壁画的类型有很多种,真正的湿壁画或湿灰泥壁画可以保留相当长的时间,这种绘画方式是在刚刚涂上的湿石灰石膏(湿壁画的最后一层灰泥)上用刷子作画。使用水当作媒介物,颜料在石膏干燥过程中会被吸附进去,与石膏结构紧密结合在一起。文艺复兴时期,壁画非常流行,而湿壁画则是建筑装潢的标准措施。


The area to be painted was first covered with an under layer of plaster named the  arriccio. Often the artists would sketch their compositions on this under layer in a red pigment called sinopia. The artist could not make changes in the composition of the painting and had only the drying time of the plaster in which to complete his work (about 8 or 9 hours).

绘画区域首先刷一层石膏,即画壁画时用于打底的最厚最粗糙的灰泥层。艺术家们通常在这一层粗石膏上用一种叫做赭石颜料的红色颜料为作品打草稿。作画过程中,画家不能做任何修改,且必须在石膏完全干燥前(约8或9个小时)完成作画


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最后编辑于:2014-10-29 18:19
分类: 英语
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